On 1 May 2020, the EU-Vietnam Framework Participation Agreement (FPA) entered into force. The Agreement will facilitate Vietnam’s participation in and contribution to the EU’s Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) missions and operations. Vietnam is the first member of ASEAN to sign an agreement of this kind with the EU and the 4th in the Asia Pacific region, following New Zealand, Australia, and the Republic of Korea. The Framework Participation Agreement confirms the EU’s and Vietnam’s shared commitment to contribute to peace and security not just in their neighbourhoods but also in the broader world, as well as to safeguard the rules-based, multilateral order. On one hand, this partnership reflects the growing European engagement with and in Asia, the increasing importance of Southeast Asian countries on the global stage and consequently the rising centrality of ASEAN as a regional institution. On the other, it shows once again the dedication of the Vietnamese government to promote multilateralism in international economics, politics and security, as well as the desire to further diversify the country’s international partnerships. Thanks to the EU-Vietnam FPA, Vietnam will be in position to enhance its cooperation with UN Peace Keeping Organisations through its engagement in EU missions and operations, as well as establishing regular consultations with the EU on security and defence.