In 1991 – 2006, Uzbekistan has benefited primarily from support under the European Union TACIS program, designed to support the process of transition in the CIS countries.
The 2014 – 2020 Multi-annual Indicative Programme under the EU’s Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) sets forth the main priorities for bilateral development assistance, chiefly rural development, in line with the Agenda for Change and the Development Cooperation Instrument.
Its scope extends beyond the traditional focus on agriculture as it will support income and employment generating investments in village infrastructure, in local cooperatives, family farms, micro and small- sized enterprises. Rural development interventions may also include sustainable energy, improvement in rural areas of water/sanitation and irrigation systems, as well as climate change resilience actions or disaster risk reduction measures, when relevant and appropriate.
In line with the Agenda for Change and the Development Cooperation Instrument, EU regional programmes aim at supporting a broad-based process of dialogue and collaboration between CA countries. In this regard, the EU adopted Multi-annual Indicative Programme 2014-2020 Regional Central Asia with an indicative allocation of EUR 245 million. Based on this background, the following focal sectors have been identified:
Two additional instruments will supplement the two focal sectors; the blending mechanism operating through the Investment Facility for Central Asia (IFCA) and the Multi-country Technical Assistance Facility.
Support to higher Education through the new programme ERASMUS+ will also be financed from regional funds with an allocated amount of EUR 115 million.
Other EU external instruments are available to complement EU support to the region. the thematic programmes “Global public goods and challenges”, “Civil Society and Local Authorities”, '' European Initiative for Democracy and Human Rights'' (EIDHR), peace and stability (Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace) and the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) are particularly important.