Delegation of the European Union 
to the United States

EU Defense Washington Forum (July 8-9)

23/06/2020 - 20:07


The EU Defense Washington Forum, organized by the European Union and the Foreign Policy Program at the Brookings Institution on 8-9 July 2020, convened leaders, policy makers and experts in the field of security and defense from the European Union, the United States, and NATO for a virtual discussion on the pressing security matters facing the transatlantic community.

With the ongoing COVID pandemic contributing to global instability, taking a toll on national budgets, and raising questions about the definition of threats to security and how to address them, defense officials all over the world are forced to reckon with this new normal, and the new challenges that come with it.

This year’s forum discussed the impacts of COVID on transatlantic security, as well as other timely topics such as addressing the technology challenge from China, defense spending and capabilities, EU-US-NATO cooperation, deterrence, non-proliferation and arms control.

The keynote opening speaker on July 8 was German Defense Minister German Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, who stressed that "a strong Europe is always an ally to further America's interests and values." She confirmed Germany and the EU's commitment to do more on defense: "the question of spending more for defense is one that is in our very own interest."

The EU's High Representative Josep Borrell was the keynote opening speaker on July 9 (watch here). In his remarks, he stated that "the transatlantic community must be ready to defend its values and interests. Our citizens expect a coordinated response. We have each other's back in the field. The EU is committed to enhancing security and defense cooperation with our transatlantic partners. For Europe, NATO is and will remain the cornerstone of our collective security. There's no alternative to that."

The EU's High Representative added that  "we need to complement our soft power with a hard power dimension. This is a key contribution to a more geopolitical union, one that should do more for its own security & defense."

Latvian Deputy Prime minister and Minister of Defense, Artis Pabriks, and Dutch Minister of Defense, Ank Bijleveld-Schouten, also spoke at the Forum, as did Under Secretary of Defense Ellen Lord, Assistant Secretary of State Clarke Cooper, U.S. Presidential Envoy for Arms Control Marshall Billingslea, Deputy Secreteray General of NATO Mircea Geoana, Members of Congress Chrissy Houlahan and Will Hurd, Member of the European Parliament Radoslaw Sikorski, and several other high-level EU, U.S., and NATO officials and experts.

In his introductory remarks, EU Ambassador to the U.S. Stavros Lambrinidis stressed that Europeans "want to expand our role as a security provider, and as a strong partner for the U.S. and other key allies, while strengthening the European pillar of NATO." Watch his remarks here.

You can watch all the videos of the EU Defense Washington Forum on our Youtube channel here.

The full program underneath and the webcast are also available on the Brookings website here.

Monitor online engagement and further engage with us using #EUDefense @EUintheUS @BrookingsFP.

08/07/2020 - 09/07/2020


United States of America

8 JULY 2020 – DAY 1

Thomas Wright
Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution

Dearbhla Doyle
Head of the Political, Security, and Development Section, EU Delegation to the U.S.

9:00 am    Welcome Remarks  
•    Stavros Lambrinidis, EU Ambassador to the United States
•    Gen. (Ret.) John R. Allen, President, Brookings Institution
9:10 am    Transatlantic Link Today and Tomorrow
•    Conversation with Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, Minister of Defense, Germany, on behalf of the German presidency of the EU Council
•    Moderator: Constanze Stelzenmüller, Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution

9:40 am    Transatlantic Defense Policy after the Virus
The COVID-19 crisis is arguably one of the most serious challenges to confront Europe and the United States since World War II. For some, it marks the end of the post-9/11 moment which must force us to adapt our definition of national security. For others, not much has changed. For others still, it will accelerate great power competition. What implications will COVID-19 have on the transatlantic security landscape, including strategic reflections within the EU and NATO?
•    R. Clarke Cooper, Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs, U.S. Department of State
•    Charles Fries, Deputy Secretary General for Common Security and Defence Policy, European External Action Service
•    Kori Schake, Director, Foreign and Defense Policy Studies, American Enterprise Institute
•    Moderator: Mara Karlin, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Security and Strategy, Brookings Institution; Director of Strategic Studies and Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies

10:30 am    Defense Spending and Capabilities after COVID-19
Is defense spending destined to plummet as a result of the global pandemic and associated economic downturn? How can resources be allocated more effectively? What capabilities do Europeans need given the range of challenges they face? How can U.S. and European institutions improve their pandemic preparedness?
•    Conversation with Ellen Lord, Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, U.S. Department of Defense
followed by panel featuring:

•    General Claudio Graziano, Chairman, EU Military Committee
•    Timo Pesonen, Director General for Defence Industry and Space, European Commission
•    Jiȓi Šedivẏ, Chief Executive, European Defence Agency
•    Kelly Magsamen, Vice President, National Security and International Policy, Center for American Progress

•    Moderator: Michael E. O’Hanlon, Senior Fellow and Director of Research, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution

11:30 am    Operational Cooperation in Africa
What are the main challenges on the ground and how can transatlantic military cooperation help to address them? How are Operation Irini and the EU Training Mission in Mali supporting security and stability? How can the EU support its partners to address the COVID-19 crisis, including through civil-
•    Kate Almquist Knopf, Director, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, U.S. Department of Defensemilitary cooperation, and what role could NATO play to change its engagement in Africa?
•    Major General Hermínio Maio, Deputy Director, Military Planning and Conduct Capability, European External Action Service
•    Brigadier General František Ridzák, Mission Force Commander, EU Training Mission Mali
•    Brigadier General William Zana, Deputy Director for J5 Politico-Military Affairs (Africa)
•    Moderator: Kimberly Dozier, Global Affairs Analyst, CNN

12:15 pm    Deterrence, Non-Proliferation, and Arms Control
This panel will look at the U.S. withdrawal from the INF treaty citing Russian violations and what comes next; the German decision on dual-capable aircraft;  and the future of the arms control/non-proliferation regime, including New Start, as well as the need to expand key frameworks to include China.
•    Conversation with Marshall Billingslea, U.S. Special Presidential Envoy for Arms Control
followed by panel featuring:

•    Susanne Baumann, German Federal Government Commissioner for Disarmament and Arms Control

•    Bonnie Jenkins, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution

•    Moderator: Frank Rose, Senior Fellow, Security and Strategy, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution

1:30 pm    Day 1 Conclusion

9 JULY 2020 –DAY 2

9:00 am    Welcome Remarks
•    Dearbhla Doyle, Head of the Political, Security, and Development Section, EU Delegation to the U.S.
•    Thomas Wright, Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution

09:05 am    EU Defense, EU-NATO Cooperation Today and Tomorrow

Josep Borrell, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, Vice President of the European Commission

•    Conversation with Mircea Geoana, Deputy Secretary General, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and Gen. (Ret.) John R. Allen, President, Brookings Institution
9:45 am    Opportunities to Strengthen EU-NATO-US Cooperation: From Military Mobility to Resilience    
What can the EU, NATO and the U.S. do to reinforce each other on resilience building, protection of critical infrastructure and assets, hybrid, and 5G? What are the opportunities and challenges to increase military mobility? What are the prospects for future EU-NATO cooperation in Europe and operational theatres, such as Afghanistan and Iraq?
•    James Appathurai, Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
•    Kathleen Hicks, Senior Vice President, Henry A. Kissinger Chair, and Director, International Security Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies
•    Herald Ruijters, Director for Investment, Innovative, and Sustainable Transport, DG Mobility and Transport, European Commission
•    Michael Ryan, Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and NATO Policy, U.S. Department of Defense
•    Moderator: Fiona Hill, Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
10:45 am    EU Defense and Transatlantic Security: A Perspective from Latvia
•    Conversation with Dr. Artis Pabriks, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, Republic of Latvia

•    Moderator: Molly Montgomery, Nonresident Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution, and Vice President, Europe Practice, Albright Stonebridge Group               

11:00 am    Addressing the Technology Challenge Posed by China  
How can the United States and Europe cooperate on defense policy to address the China challenge? What are the key differences likely to be? Is some decoupling necessary, especially with regard to technology and critical supply chains? What are the implications of 5G security on defense cooperation? How can the US, the EU, and NATO foster innovation to better leverage AI and work together towards setting international rules for AI? How can the EU and US preserve space for cooperation with China?
•    Elbridge Colby, Principal, The Marathon Initiative
•    Alice Ekman, Senior Analyst, Asia, EU Institute for Security Studies
•    Laura Rosenberger, Senior Fellow and Director, Alliance for Securing Democracy, German Marshall Fund of the United States
•    Khalil Rouhana, Deputy Director General, Communications Networks, Content and Technology, European Commission
•    Moderator: Lindsey Ford, David M. Rubenstein Fellow, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution

12 pm    Leadership in Defense: Voices from Parliament     

•    Chrissy Houlahan, U.S. Representative (Pennsylvania-26), House Foreign Affairs and Armed Services Committees
•    Radosław Sikorski, Member of the European Parliament, Chair of the Delegation for Relations with the United States
•    Will Hurd, Member of Congress (Texas-23), House Appropriations Committee and House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
•    Moderator: Thomas Wright, Director and Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution
12:40 pm    Concluding Conversation on EU Defense and the Transatlantic Security: Perspective from the Netherlands
•    Conversation with Ank Bijleveld, Minister of Defense, The Netherlands

•    Moderator: Amanda Sloat, Robert Bosch Senior Fellow, Center on the United States and Europe, Brookings Institution

1:00 pm    Forum Conclusion