Delegation of the European Union to the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom and the EU

29/10/2019 - 12:00
EU relations with Country

The EU's Relations with the UK

The UK's exit from the EU based on the Withdrawal Agreement

On 29 March 2017, the UK notified to the President of the European Council its intention to leave the European Union. This opened the negotiation on withdrawal as foreseen in Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union.

On 17 October 2019, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on an amended Withdrawal Agreement and a Political Declaration on the future relationship. The Withdrawal Agreement was ratified by the UK on 23 January 2020 and concluded by the EU on 29 January 2020. Since 1 February 2020, the UK is no longer a member of the EU.  

The Withdrawal Agreement provides amongst others for a transition period until the end of 2020, during which Union law continues to apply to and in the UK. During this limited period of time after the UK’s withdrawal, the EU-UK trade relationship will remain unchanged and free movement rights of persons continues to apply. The temporary status quo will be used by the EU and the UK to negotiate an agreement on their future relationship.

For more information about the Withdrawal Agreement and its implementation, as well as the Political Declaration, please visit the Commission’s website.

The future relationship

The EU and the UK agreed to negotiate a new and ambitious partnership, as set out in the Political Declaration, which was jointly agreed by both Parties. Our relationship will remain rooted in shared values and interests that arise from our geography, history and ideals anchored in our common European heritage. The 47 years of UK membership in the EU have resulted in a high level of integration between our people, economies and political priorities. 

We believe that our mutual prosperity and security will be enhanced by working together to safeguard the rules-based international order, promote democracy and the rule of law and as well as high standards of free and fair trade and workers' rights, consumer and environmental protection, and the fight against internal and external threats to our values and interests.

As made clear by the Political Declaration, the EU and the UK will seek a partnership that is unprecedented in its scope, covering both economic (including a free trade agreement) and security issues within an overarching institutional framework.

For more information about the negotiation of the future relationship, please visit the Commission’s website.

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