The role of the EU Delegation
The European Union (EU) has 118 Delegations in third countries and five Delegations to international organisations based in Geneva, New York, Paris, Rome and Vienna.
The Delegation of the EU in Rome is working on the basis of a triple mandate:
1. with the United Nations (UN) system, since 1991, under specific actions and partnerships developed with the three UN specialised agencies based in Rome: the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD);
2. with the Holy See, since June 2006;
3. with the Order of Malta, after the accreditation of the Head of Delegation in June 2007.
4. with the Republic of San Marino, since March 2016
1. With the United Nations (UN) in Rome
The Delegation of the EU in Rome works essentially in the multilateral framework ensuring, since 1993, the liaison between the Headquarters in Brussels, the 27 EU countries and the three UN Organizations based in Rome.
Rome is considered as the UN capital for activities in the fields of food and agriculture and has hosted since 1948, the FAO, since 1963 the WFP and since 1976 the IFAD.
The three UN Organizations are complementary and share a common goal to which Member Nations pledged themselves at the first FAO World Food Summit of 1996: the eradication of hunger in the world. This goal was reiterated with the Millennium Declaration in 2000 and with the Declaration of the World Summit on Food Security in 2009, which puts specific emphasis on fighting global hunger and poverty, which is also one of the cornerstones of the EU development policy.
The Delegation’s mandate covers the following main tasks:
Representation of the EU in the main bodies of the three UN agencies present in Rome, according to the specific status in each of them.
Consolidation of the European Community's positions in Rome, in order to reinforce the EU presence and visibility through regular meetings of the governing bodies, formal or informal donors' consultations, expert meetings, and presentations in both the FAO and WFP, and to give appropriate feedback to the HQs.
Coordination with the EU countries, both in Brussels, mainly within the so-called AGRI-FAO Council Working Group, and also within the Council Working Groups on Food Aid, Humanitarian Aid (COHAFA), CONUN* and External Fisheries Policy. The EU and the 27 EU Permanent Representatives to FAO, WFP and IFAD meet regularly (at least once a month) in Rome for EU coordination purposes.
* Council working group for the UN. It monitors UN activities.
2. With the Holy See
The year 2006 was marked by an addition to the EU Delegation's initial mandate (up to 2006 limited to only the UN system in Rome), with the accreditation of the first Head of Delegation as Ambassador to the Holy See on 24 June 2006.
The main objective of this accreditation is to ensure the representation of the EU to the Holy See and to promote the EU values and interests in common with the Vatican.
Subjects of regular discussion with the Vatican include human rights, peace and democracy, freedom of religion in the world, and the dialogue of cultures and religions. Also of importance are matters related to development and the fight against poverty and hunger in the world.
3. With the Order of Malta
On 12 June 2007, the first Head of Delegation was accredited as Ambassador to the Order of Malta.
Through this third mandate with a religious Order heavily involved in humanitarian assistance, the EU consolidates its links with a very valuable partner in the fields of emergency relief, medical care, fight against poverty and famine, and special assistance to people affected by conflicts.
*CONUN: is the Council working group for the UN. It monitors UN activities, prepares the Council members and provides them with background documents.
4. With San Marino
On 3 March 2016, the first Head of Delegation was accredited as Ambassador to the Republic of San Marino. The European Union is negotiating an Association Agreement with the Republic of San Marino. It will help both, San Marino to access different tools of European policy and funding, and the European Union to enlarge the use of its regulatory framework. Here again the Delegation is pivotal in ensuring the smooth exchange of views and facilitating rapid conclusion of the Agreement.