The 2019 Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy in the World, clearly shows the EU’s leading role in supporting freedoms, democracy, rule of law, fair economies, women’s empowerment within its borders and all around the world. But many challenges remain, and the Coronavirus pandemic risks to further deteriorate an already fragile situation.
“The pandemic and its socio-economic consequences are having a disproportionate impact on the rights of women, children and elderly persons, and on all persons in vulnerable situations, including refugees, migrants, internally displaced persons, and are deepening pre-existing inequalities”, stated the High Representative Josep Borrell, on behalf of the European Union, in a declaration on human rights in the times of Covid-19. No step backward should be allowed. On the contrary. Human rights must be at the heart also of the collective fight against the Covid-19 pandemic and the global recovery.
The report issued today marks the final phase of implementation of the EU Action Plan on Human Rights and Democracy (2015-2019), while the new action plan for 2020-24 is about to be adopted. The report provides a first-hand insight on EU action in 2019 to address the challenges to human rights and democracy worldwide, from shrinking space for civil society, disinformation campaigns, threats and violations against human rights defenders, journalists and other media workers, and including some focused actions that benefit communities in Colombia, Syria, Myanmar or Sudan.
In 2019, the EU strengthened all its commitments, including on new strands of action. For example, the first ever EU guidelines focusing on economic, social and cultural rights were adopted: the EU Human Rights Guidelines on safe drinking water and sanitation. At a critical time, these guidelines opened new horizons in promoting the indivisibility of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights.
“The EU Annual Report on Human Rights and Democracy is more relevant than ever: it highlights the role of cooperation, the importance of human rights and democracy, the effectiveness of multilateralism – all the more in today’s crisis”, says the High Representative Josep Borrell in his foreword. “Global challenges require collective action and with this report we once again demonstrate that the EU is a principled and reliable partner, a pillar of multilateralism and a staunch defender of human rights.”
While the report once again highlights the difficult situation for human rights worldwide, there is much evidence that respect for human rights, promotion of good governance and inclusive and democratic societies, together with support to a vibrant civil society, are the best ways to guarantee sustainable security, stability and prosperity. There is no sustainable security without solidarity and human rights for all.
2019 proved to be a challenging year for Sri Lanka in the area of human rights and democracy. Despite the progress made following the 2015 elections, progress in implementing UN Human Rights Council resolution 30/1 continued to be slow. The Easter Sunday terror attacks in April 2019 had a significant impact on the protection of human rights and democracy in Sri Lanka, as well as on the country's political trajectory. In the aftermath of the attacks, the government declared a State of Emergency and issued Emergency Regulations (ERs) to address the security situation (later lifted in August). The Emergency Regulations imposed restrictions on certain fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution and a number of rights stemming from other laws including the right to equality before the law and non-discrimination.
Follow the link for the full Sri Lanka report:
Following the landslide victory of the Maldivian Democratic Party (MDP) in the Parliamentary Elections in April, several laws were passed or amended by the MDP majority party with the aim of improving the country's human rights and political situation. This includes the Presidential Commissions Bill, which granted legal authority to the Commission on Corruption and Asset Recovery, and the Commission on Unresolved Murders and Disappearances. A gender quota was introduced, reserving one-third of the 980 seats for female candidates for the upcoming Local Council Elections (April 2020). The government announced new regulations that would allow six months paid maternity leave and one month paid paternity leave. Two bills related to the protection of children and adolescents were also ratified. Positive steps were taken for civil society and media through the ratification of the Bill on Protection of Whistle-blowers and improvements in media freedoms.
Follow the link for the full report on the Maldives: