Delegation of the European Union
to the United Nations - New York

 

Up-scaling the production and consumption of bio-energy to reduce carbon emissions and enhance local employment in Nepal

23/08/2017 - 00:00
Environment and Climate Action

The general objective of the project was to contribute to the national goal of poverty reduction through upscaling the production and consumption of charcoal. The project looked for innovative and cost effective alternatives to replace charring kilns which were too expensive to run and cumbersome for producers.

The business model was revised while involving wholesalers and processors and the Market System Development approach was ensured, assuring certainty of raw materials as well as market. Densified charcoal products were explored and promoted to compete against fossil fuel (higher calorific value).
 
Likewise, successful use of charcoal for internal fuelling in brick kilns was piloted, based on which backward linkage with producers was facilitated. The project facilitated registration of 'Bioenergy Entrepreneurs Association Nepal' to bring all charcoal actors together to create enabling environment for charcoal enterprises.
 
The project facilitated registration of "Bioenergy Entrepreneurs Association Nepal" to bring all charcoal actors together to create enabling environment for charcoal enterprises.
 

Total Cost (EUR): 1 970 703

EU contracted amount (EUR): 1 773 633

Duration: January 2014 - December 2017

Implementing organisation: HELVETAS SWISS INTERCOOPERATION ASSOCIATION

Funding Instrument: DCI - Environment and sustainable management of natural resources including energy

Benefitting zone: Nepal

 

STORY : Up-scaling the production and consumption of bio-energy to reduce carbon emissions and increase local employment in Nepal

 

Now, if we don’t contact our buyers for a few days, they call us and inquire why we are not delivering charcoal to them. We are really happy.
 
 

Deep Narayan Chaudhary, Kushal Byabasay Pramarsha tatha Talim Kendra Pvt. Ltd, Bara district.

 

CONTEXT

Nepal’s overall energy requirement (for domestic and industrial purpose) has increased substantially with the recent rapid urbanisation and expansion of businesses, such as hotels, restaurants and brick industries. The industries and the urban/ peri-urban population rely heavily on imported fossil fuels; wood fuel meeting 75% of the total energy needs. Both fuel sources are neither sustainable nor environment friendly.

 

OBJECTIVES

  • Create more green jobs through up-scaling small and medium sized charcoal enterprises.
  • Reduce carbon emission through diversifying the production and use of charcoal as an alternative to imported fossil fuels (coal, LPG and kerosene).
  • Sustain the production and supply of charcoal by strengthening the role of actors in the charcoal ssector while at the same time protecting natural resources.

 

RESULTS

  • Increased production and processing capacity of charcoal enterprises.
  • Use of charcoal increased with a reduced use of fossil fuels.
  • Sustainable availability and supply of charcoal to industries has been guaranteed.

 

TESTIMONY

Converting to bio-charcoal

Forests cover 5.96 million hectares and offer immense potential to harness energy from forest wastes. These wastes are collected for forest management purposes and offer income and employment to poor and disadvantaged groups  who rely on forests for firewood and fodder. They can also benefit from forest waste thanks to its conversion to bio-charcoal, while contributing to reducing green gas emission and productive management of forest resources (maintaining forest eco-system and controlling forest fires).

"Bio-energy is phasing out soon. If we were implementing through earlier [enterprise] model, we would also be phasing out our engagement in bio-charcoal. Now we have registered a new company called Kushal Suppliers and employed four people to look after charcoal business. We are happily increasing our investment."

Deep Narayan Chaudhary, Kushal Byabasay Pramarsha tatha Talim Kendra Pvt. Ltd, Bara district.

 

LEARN MORE

 

FACTS AND FIGURES

  • 74 000 tons of CO2 emissions reduced
  • 10 500 green jobs to be created around 700 charcoal enterprises

 

PARTNERS

 

Editorial Sections: