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Under the general bilateral framework of the EU-Egypt Association Agreement and the new EU-Egypt Partnership Priorities approved (2017), the EU works together with the government, public institutions and civil society to support democratisation and socioeconomic development by funding programmes and projects in many areas such as: Health, Education, Economic Development, Trade, Energy, Water, Transport, Science, Research and Innovation, Information Society; Social, Rural and Regional Development; Human Rights, Justice and Good Governance; Energy, Environment and Culture.
The overall budget allocation for bilateral EU assistance to Egypt under the ENPI for 2007- 2013 was over €1 billion.
For the period 2014-2020, the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the main financial instrument for EU cooperation with Egypt. The European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument – known as the ENPI – is the main financial mechanism of technical and financial cooperation with Egypt. Under the Single Support Framework for the period 2014-2016 a total amount of €320 million in EU grants were committed by the EU. In the framework of the ‘Memorandum of Understanding regarding the EU's Single Support Framework 2017-2020’ for Egypt, the following three priority sectors, with an indicative allocation range of €432 – €528 million, have been agreed:
The Memorandum of Understanding for 2017-2020 also foresees complementary support measures for public administration and regulatory reform and the implementation of sector strategies, as well as for the promotion of civil society's role as an important contributor to the implementation of the EU-Egypt partnership and the sustainable development process underway in Egypt.
In addition to bilateral EU funding, Egypt also benefits from EU multi-country co-operation instruments and programmes like the EU Neighbourhood Investment Facility (NIF), Cross Border Co-operation Instrument (CBC), Erasmus+, and a wide range of regional programmes.
Targeted technical assistance and peer-to-peer public sector cooperation is provided in many policy areas through a mix of specialised EU instruments, including Twinning operations, the Support for the Improvement in Governance and Management (SIGMA), and the Technical Assistance and Information Exchange (TAIEX).
In addition to providing regional and country-based approaches to development, the EU operates programmes with a specific thematic focus on: Democracy and Human Rights, Environment and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources, Non-State Actors and Local Authorities in Development, Investing in People and Migration and Asylum.
The EU Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) is also available in Egypt as a strategic tool designed to address a number of global security and development challenges in complement to geographic instruments.