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The European Union thanks the OHCHR for its oral update and valuable work which we highly appreciate.
We welcome the agreement of the transitional military council and the Forces of Freedom and Change to build a transitional government as the first step to a peaceful and prosperous Sudan. We appreciate the mediating role of the African Union and Ethiopia in this regard. We call on the international community to support the implementation of this agreement.
We also highly welcome the announcement of independent investigations into the events of 3rd June, as part of the agreement between the parties. That day, many peaceful civilian protesters were killed or injured, accompanied by sexual and gender-based violence. We condemn in the strongest possible terms this violence, including confirmed cases of rape against peaceful protestors. All violations and abuses must be documented and investigated and perpetrators must be held to account and brought to justice. The human rights situation in Sudan remains a concern for the EU.
Justice and accountability for human rights violations and abuses are keys to a peaceful and stable future for Sudan. We also urge Sudan to cooperate fully with the International Criminal Court (ICC), pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution 1593, as well as with the international human rights mechanisms.
After the formation of the civilian-led transitional government, it will be crucial for the government to take measures to improve the human rights situation in the country: violence against protestors and the shut-down of the internet have restrained the press and the public to take up their given and justified role in the transition of Sudan.
The new transitional government has to address and put an end to all human rights violations.
We remind all parties of their obligation to abide by applicable human rights and international humanitarian law. The EU welcomes in this regard the agreement between the transitional military council and the Forces of Freedom and Change, announced on July 4, on the establishment of a sovereign council and a government of experts in charge of ensuring a three-years transition. Regarding the latter, we would like to stress the importance of meaningful participation of women and youth in this transitional process.
Healthcare should be available to the sick and injured and they should be protected from political interference and security or military operations. Health workers must be allowed to treat the sick and injured, without concern for their own safety or harm to their patients. Civilians, including children, aid and health workers, and facilities such as hospitals and schools, must be protected.
We stand ready to provide the state institutions and other relevant Sudanese stakeholders with further technical assistance in the field of human rights. However, technical assistance and capacity-building programmes require needs assessment and possibilities to monitor ongoing programmes. We call on the Sudanese authorities to constructively cooperate with the EU in this regard.