The European Union would like to thank the High Commissioner for her important update on the situation in Ukraine.
The EU remains deeply concerned about the ongoing human rights violations and abuses committed against persons living in areas of eastern Ukraine controlled by so called 'separatists' and in illegally annexed Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol by the Russian Federation.
The 25th report of the OHCHR Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine documented 315 human rights violations, which represents an increase compared to the previous reporting period. More than 5 million people, including 1.3 million of IDPs, are deeply affected by the armed conflict. They lack access to basic services, social support, as well as remedies and reparations for injured persons or relatives of those killed. We are concerned about the reported practice of arbitrary arrests, incommunicado detention, torture and ill-treatment of civilians.
The continuing human rights violations committed on the Crimean peninsula since its illegal annexation by the Russian Federation remain of great concern to the EU. We reiterate that the EU does not recognize the illegal annexation and will continue to condemn this violation of international law. The EU remains committed to fully implementing its non-recognition policy, including through restrictive measures.
We call upon the Russian Federation to grant international and regional human rights monitoring mechanisms unrestricted access to the autonomous republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. We deplore the continuous systematic persecution of Crimean Tatars and persons belonging to Ukrainian speaking communities, as well as restrictions on fundamental freedoms of all inhabitants of Crimea, including the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly and association, movement, and religion and belief.
The EU calls for the immediate release of all Ukrainian citizens who are illegally detained in Russia and illegally annexed Crimea, including Oleh Sentsov and Volodomyr Balukh, as well as more than 70 other political prisoners and 24 Ukrainian servicemen, captured during the attack on Ukrainian navy vessels in the Kerch Strait November last year. The EU also calls for immediate adequate medical care for Crimean Tatar activist Edem Bekirov and Ukrainian citizen Pavlo Hryb whose health has deteriorated in Russian detention centres.Theirs and many others detention in Russia is illegal and in breach of international law and elementary standards of justice.
The EU calls on all sides of the conflict to respect international human rights and humanitarian law and in this context we stress that all international human rights observers and monitoring mechanisms should be granted full, free and unrestricted access to the entire sovereign territory of Ukraine. This particularly includes illegally annexed Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, as laid out in UN General Assembly resolution 71/205 and the resolution 72/190 on the situation of human rights in Crimea/Sevastopol. It is unacceptable that millions of civilians, including Crimeans, remain outside the monitoring mechanisms. We stress the need to fully implement the UN General Assembly resolutions on Ukraine and recommendations contained in the OHCHR Mission's reports.
It is also crucial that all parties fully respect and implement their obligations under the Minsk Agreements as a first step towards a sustainable political solution that is based on the respect for Ukraine's sovereignty, territorial integrity, unity and independence. We underline Russia’s responsibility in this regard and once again call on Russia to use its considerable influence over the so called 'separatists' it backs to meet these commitments in full.
The EU underlines the need to ensure the respect for rights already exercised of persons belonging to national minorities as enshrined in UN and Council of Europe conventions and related protocols, non-discrimination of persons belonging to national minorities and respect for diversity and to fully implement the recommendations included in the opinion of the Venice Commission no. 902/2017, on the basis of a substantive dialogue with representatives of persons belonging to national minorities. The EU closely follows the legal acts to be taken by Ukraine with regards to the Law on Education in this respect. The EU encourages Ukraine to seek the opinion of the Venice Commission on the draft law on state language policy.
Madame High Commissioner,
What, in your opinion, are the biggest challenges for everyday life faced by those 5 millions of people affected by the armed conflict?