The European Union thanks the Special Rapporteur for the presentation of his report on States’ obligations to prosecute and punish gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law in transitional justice processes. The EU shares your goal to fight impunity and strengthen the rule of law and will continue its commitment to that end.
The EU believes that holding perpetrators accountable is an essential part of transitional justice processes as a means to recognise victims as rights holders, to contribute to social reconciliation and to break spirals of violence and revenge.
In this context, the EU highlights that it is vital to safeguard the independence and impartiality of the judiciary, to generate political will to hold perpetrators accountable and to provide for effective domestic legislation to bring those responsible to justice. We also reiterate the importance of a victims-centred approach in accountability processes.
You rightly emphasise that a combination of criminal prosecution and other transitional justice measures is key to achieve peace, especially in the case of massive or systematic human rights violations.
We would be very grateful if you could elaborate on the role that accountability and the respect of the rule of law plays in the reconstruction of democratic and fair societies as well as their impact on the consolidation of sustainable peace.
I thank you Madam President.