The overall objective of the TLF is to provide strategically targeted and financial support to:
"Before we got this land, we wanted to move away from here. But hope is now here, in our home."
Fistum Gebremichael, age 23, member of Mahber Lemlem
This initiative is part of the Ethiopia Sustainable Land Management Project II (SLMP 2), one of the 12 country investments composing the Sahel and West Africa Program (SAWAP) in support of Africa’s Great Green Wall, developed under the TerrAfrica partnership and implemented by the World Bank with EU support. Land rights, management, value, and use form key development issues for millions of rural Ethiopians facing climate, water, food, and livelihood insecurity. This is especially true for youth facing severe challenges of landlessness and joblessness. This innovative approach provided legal landholding certificates and extension support to landless youth in exchange for restoring degraded communal lands. This resulted in youth employment, increased livelihood opportunities, empowered youths who have few other options but to migrate, and strengthened basis for better participation in the governance of natural resources. It also helped diversify and balance competing land uses in rural landscapes and boost climate resilience.
Landholding certificates for a youth group
'Before we got this land, we wanted to move away from here. But hope is now here, in our home.' Fistum Gebremichael, age 23, member of Mahber Lemlem, a youth group which received 8.2 hectares of land and landholding certificate. Fistum and his peers have developed their land with various biophysical soil and water conservation structures and started agroforestry for fruit and fodder production, including 70 mango, 81 papaya, 53 orange, and 120 gesho (similar to hops) trees. Gullies are stabilized and now host crops, vegetation cover is restored and water retained, and erosion-proof grass is growing and used for the group’s ox and sheep fattening. Clearly defined bylaws set-out how the land is used, how benefits are shared and how conflicts are resolved.
Total Cost (EUR): 19 000 000
EU contracted amount (EUR): 9 700 000
Duration: November 2012 - December 2018
Implementing organisation: INTERNATIONAL BANK FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT
Funding Instrument: DCI - Environment and sustainable management of natural resources including energy
Benefitting zone: Intra ACP Allocations