When planning to visit a European country, please note that procedures for obtaining a visa would depend on whether you are planning to visit a country/countries part of the Schengen Agreement or not.
The Schengen visa was introduced in 1995. To date 26 European countries are part of the Schengen Area : Austria, Belgium, Czech republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, , Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden and for the three non-EU countries: Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
A Schengen visa issued by an Embassy or Consulate of one of the Schengen countries allows the holder to travel freely in all Schengen States. For visits to Schengen countries, read carefully the General Schengen Visa Requirements which will also guide you to which Embassy you should apply.
For visits to Non-Schengen countries like Ireland and UK, please contact the Embassies directly on travel requirements.