Europe Day is held on 9 May every year and celebrates peace and solidarity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the historical 'Schuman Declaration' by the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman. In 1950, the nations of Europe were still struggling to overcome the devastation wrought by World War II, which had ended 5 years earlier. Determined to prevent another such terrible war, it was thought, correctly, that the merging of economic interests would raise standards of living and be the first step towards a more united Europe and lasting peace. Since then, what began as a community of six nations has grown into a strong union of 27 nations today.
Since 1975, EU – Tanzania relations have been established first under the Lomé Convention and then the Cotonou Agreement (2000-2020) between the European Union (EU) and the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) nations. In these 45 years the cooperation has always supported Tanzania’s own National Development Strategies in ensuring poverty reduction, promoting sustainable development, as well as regional integration. To achieve this, Tanzania has received more than EUR 3.5 billion under the form of grants to implement an extensive range of programmes aiming at improving infrastructure, sanitation systems, health care, education, agriculture, energy, development of the private sector, political and economic governance, as well as support to climate change, wildlife conservation and environment.
In the area of trade, Tanzania benefits from the EU scheme known as "Everything But Arms", which means that all Tanzanian products (excluding arms) enter the European market with no quotas and zero tariffs. In the future, this unilateral concession by the EU may become a proper reciprocal obligation under the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiated between the EU and the East African Community.
The EU-Tanzania partnership has been founded on the key shared values of respect for human rights, good governance and the rule of law; equality of partners, ownership of local development processes and participative approaches. In 2020, the EU presented a new Africa strategy with the ambition of consolidating a “partnership of equals”. The strategy proposes to strengthen EU-Africa cooperation through partnerships in five key areas: green transition; digital transformation; sustainable growth and jobs; peace and governance; migration and mobility.
"World peace cannot be safeguarded without the making of creative efforts proportionate to the dangers which threaten it." Robert Schuman (1950).
Quotes from the Schuman Declaration resonate with humanity as much today as they did 70 years ago. One danger which is presently threatening humanity is the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is impacting on the health and socioeconomic status of billions of people. There are currently more than 3.5 million confirmed cases globally, with almost a quarter of a million deaths. History has taught us that major crises can create opportunities for accelerating social, economic and political reforms. Managing COVID-19 calls for global solidarity, it is essential to end the spread of the virus and save lives, but it is equally important to avoid long-lasting negative effects on social stability and security in our partner countries, including Tanzania. A key milestone was kick-started on 4 May when the world launched the Global Response Pledge and already EUR 7.4 billion has been raised to ensure universal access to vaccines.
EU work in Tanzania
In Tanzania, the EU Delegation continues to operate, in spite of circumstances, and we will be marking Europe Day by sharing rich and dynamic online content of our development cooperation. Some highlights include the following programmes.
The EU funded “AGRI-CONNECT” programme of EUR 100 Million will advocate for a strong gender perspective in policy, regulatory, and legislative reforms; as well as improve the enabling environment for women entrepreneurs by supporting financial products specifically designed for women. Through our projects in Sumbawanga, Lindi, Kigoma, Mwanza and together with the European Investment Bank, and the German and French cooperation, the European Union will provide water to one million Tanzanians by the end of 2021. Coffee, tea and horticulture value chains will be strengthened by boosting private sector investment in each sector with a clear development impact, with farmers and other actors in the value chains supported at farm and district level. TARURA will be rehabilitating rural roads in the same areas in order to facilitate movement of agricultural produces and commodities from farm to storage and processing centres to limit post-harvest losses. Promoting healthier, diversified and more balanced nutrition habits among the Tanzanian population is also a priority of the programme, and a national nutrition campaign will be launched.
Supporting the integration of Tanzania within the East African Community is a major objective of our cooperation. The EUR 35 Million “MARKUP” programme provides support to small and medium-sized enterprises in Tanzania and the rest of the EAC to export their agricultural and horticultural products to the European market and the rest of the world. Products include avocados, cocoa, coffee, spices and tea.
Since 2017 the EUR 10 Million “Boresha Lishe” nutrition project, funded by the EU and implemented by World Food Programme has provided nutrition services to 32,000 mothers and children in 40 health facilities in Singida and Dodoma regions. In 2019, the project treated 1100 malnourished young children and 1500 mothers and prevented stunting in 19,200 young children and 10,200 pregnant and lactating mothers. To promote healthy nutrition, Boresha Lishe also carries out training in 146 villages on nutrition, agriculture, water sanitation and hygiene and access to finance.
Tanzania and the European Union are working hand in hand to strengthen the road network of Tanzania through budget support operations and specific development projects. Rural roads are being rehabilitated to improve access markets to farmers. The ambitious “Upgrading the Kidatu-Ifakara Road Project”, part of the SAGCOT initiative, will stimulate commercial agricultural development in Southern Tanzania.
In November 2017, the EU joined other development partners (World Bank, Sweden and Norway) to support the implementation of the Tanzanian flagship programme on rural electrification “Turnkey III Programme for Rural Electrification – 2016/17 – 2020/21” The EUR 50 Million support contributes to providing electricity to approximately 3,559 villages in 25 regions on mainland Tanzania, with an estimated 193,306 new grid connections including for households, businesses, social services and institutions. The support has increased the quality of life in rural areas, bringing clear benefits especially for women and children, and improving health and educational services.
Under the umbrella of our EUR 15 Million programme "Improving Accountability through Fighting Corruption and Increased Access to Justice (IMPACT)", and working through partners DFID, DANIDA (through the Legal Services Facility, LSF) and the Ministry of Constitutional and Legal Affairs (MoCLA), progress is being made towards achieving SDG 16: to promote peace, justice and strong institutions. For Tanzania this means promoting peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, providing access to justice for all and building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels by improving the effectiveness of Tanzanian anti-corruption institutions. IMPACT is increasing access to quality basic legal aid services and promoting and protecting legal aid provision and human rights, particularly women’s rights to land and property, safety and security.
Europe Day goes online
Due to COVID-19 we will not be conducting our Europe Day events in person, normally held alongside our Member States, but we do look forward to welcoming you warmly through our online portals. Be sure to look out for and retweet our online hashtags: #StrongerTogether #TeamEurope and #EuropeDay2020on our social media platforms including Twitter, Facebook and also on our website https://eeas.europa.eu/delegations/tanzania_en . You can join the official Europe Day celebrations online https://www.facebook.com/events/european-parliament/europe-day-2020/236198284319637/
Our headquarters in Brussels have also collated some compelling content on the website page: https://europa.eu/european-union/about-eu/symbols/europe-day_en You will find here an impressive and heart-warming set of testimonials as well as updated information on the EU’s response to the coronavirus crisis.
Manfredo Fanti, Ambassador of the European Union to the United Republic of Tanzania and the EAC