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If you wish to travel to the European Union, there are two visa possibilities. Firstly, the Schengen visa, which will allow you to visit all countries within the Schengen area. The Schengen countries are: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.
Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Iceland and Norway are the four non-EU states who are part of the Schengen agreement. You will be able to visit them with your Schengen visa.
Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom are part of the European Union, but not of the Schengen countries. For the United Kingdom and Ireland, you will need a separate visa. The other four states wish to join Schengen in the future and have special visa-free regimes for those who hold a Schengen visa or passport and as long as their visa allows at least two entries in Schengen space and the number of entries and/ or length of stay have not been not exhausted.
There are several types of Schengen visas. The Schengen type C allows you to stay for a maximum of 3 months/90 days in a six month period and allows for either single entry or multiple entries. The C-type visa is granted for several travelling purposes, such as tourism and business or for other needs. You determine the purpose of your visit in the documents which will be provided to the embassy to obtain visa. Embassy processes documents and prepare the answer on the basis of applied documents.
The D-type visa grants access to the Schengen area for a maximum of 180 days with a validity up to one year. For example, if you apply for a student visa and your studies last longer than 90 days, then you will have to apply for a permit of stay in the country of your studies, which will allow you to stay longer. The permit of stay will allow you to travel freely through the Schengen area. Similarly, you have to apply for a permit of stay if you travel to a Schengen country for working purposes and your stay in this country will exceed 90 days per in a six month period.
You should apply for the visa at the embassy of the country where you will enter the Schengen area or where you spend most of the time. The time period during which and application must be submitted to the diplomatic mission depends on the country. It is advisable to contact the relevant embassy or mission in order to learn when you have to apply. You also might have to book an appointment before lodging the application. Information about required documents and frequently asked questions can be found on the website of the EU: http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/borders-and-visas/visa-policy/required_documents/index_en.htm
Secondly, the National visa is meant for those who wish to stay in, or visit one EU country, usually only for a short time. In order to apply for a national visa, you need to visit the embassy of the country you wish to reside in. The national visa will only grant access to this EU state and can be either single entry or multiple entries. For the most updated information on requirements and application procedures, please read the instructions on the website of the country you wish to visit.
A permit of stay is issued by national authorities only. Permit of stay can be either short-term or long-term. The short term permit is granted for a maximum of 5 years and is given for purposes such as work or study, or for family purposes. Permit of stay will grant you also access to the Schengen area. For details regarding the requirements to obtain a permit of stay, please review the websites of the country you wish to visit.
In Tajikistan, only two embassies of EU member states give out visas, namely the embassy of Germany and the embassy of the United Kingdom. The embassy of Germany gives out visas for several other EU states as well. Below, you can find a list of all EU member states and the nearest embassy and website.
http://www.mfa.bg/embassies/afghanistan Embassy in Afghanistan
http://www.mfa.bg/embassies/kazakhstan/en/972/index.html Embassy in Kazakhstan
http://www.mfa.bg/embassies/uzbekistan Embassy in Uzbekistan
A national visa for Bulgaria will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
http://cn.mvep.hr/ Embassy in China
http://ru.mvep.hr/ Embassy in Russia
A National visa for Croatia will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
firstname.lastname@example.org Consulate in Kyrgyzstan
email@example.com Consulate in Uzbekistan
A national visa for Cyprus will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
http://www.mzv.cz/astana Embassy in Kazakhstan
http://www.mzv.cz/tashkent Embassy in Uzbekistan
firstname.lastname@example.org Consulate in Kyrgyzstan
http://rusland.um.dk/ Embassy in Moscow
http://www.astana.vm.ee Embassy in Astana
http://www.duschanbe.diplo.de/Vertretung/duschanbe/de/04Visa_20neu/visa-seite-dt.html Embassy of Germany in Tajikistan.
This embassy is also responsible for visa applications for Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Sweden. All visa requests and questions regarding these countries can be directed to the German embassy.
http://www.mfa.gov.hu/kulkepviselet/KZ/en/mainpage.htm Embassy in Kazakhstan (Astana)
http://www.mfa.gov.hu/kulkepviselet/Almati/en/mainpage.htm Consulate in Kazakhstan (Almaty)
https://www.dfa.ie/irish-embassy/russia/ Embassy in Moscow
A National visa for Ireland will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
http://www.mfa.gov.lv/en/kazakhstan Embassy in Kazakhstan (Almaty)
email@example.com Consulate in Kazakhstan (Almaty)
Lithuania https://kz.mfa.lt/kz/en/ Embassy in Kazakhstan
http://astana.msz.gov.pl/ru/ Embassy in Kazakhstan (Astana)
firstname.lastname@example.org Consulate in Kazakhstan (Almaty)
http://taszkent.msz.gov.pl/ru/ Embassy in Uzbekistan
http://astana.mae.ro/en/node/371 Embassy in Kazakhstan
http://taskent.mae.ro/en Embassy in Uzbekistan
A National visa for Romania will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
http://www.mzv.sk/Astana Embassy in Kazakhstan
http://www.mzv.sk/Tashkent Embassy in Uzbekistan
http://moscow.embassy.si/ Embassy in Moscow
email@example.com Consulate in Uzbekistan
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Embassy in Tajikistan: https://www.gov.uk/government/world/organisations/british-embassy-dushanbe
A national visa for the United Kingdom will NOT give you access to the Schengen area!
Embassy of Tajikistan to Austria
Universitatstr. 8/1°, 1090 Vienna
Telephone: (+43-1) 409-82-66
Fax: (+43-1) 409-82-66-14, 409-82-66-21
Embassy of Tajikistan to the Kingdom of Belgium, The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Mission to the EU, NATO, UNESCO
Boulevard General Jacques 16
Tel: 00 32 (0)2 640-69-33
Fax: 00 32 (0)2 649-01-95
Embassy of Tajikistan to Germany
Perlebergerstr. 43, 10559 Berlin
Fax: +49-30-347-93029, +49-30-347-93018
Embassy of Tajikistan to the United Kingdom
26-28 Hammersmith Grove
London, W6 7BA
Telephone:+44 (0) 208 834 1003
Fax +44 (0) 208 834 1100
Erasmus+ is the EU Programme in the fields of education, training, youth and sport for the period 2014-2020. It builds on the achievements of more than 25 years of European programmes in the fields of education, training and youth, covering both an intra-European as well as an international cooperation dimension. Erasmus+ is the result of the integration of the following European programmes implemented by the Commission during the period 2007-2013:
These programmes have been supporting Actions in the fields of higher education (including its international dimension), vocational education and training, school education, adult education and youth (including its international dimension).
Erasmus+ aims at going beyond these programmes, by promoting synergies and cross-fertilisation throughout the different fields of education, training and youth, removing artificial boundaries between the various Actions and project formats, fostering new ideas, attracting new actors from the world of work and civil society and stimulating new forms of cooperation. Erasmus+ aims at becoming a more effective instrument to address the real needs in terms of human and social capital development in Europe and beyond.
Erasmus+ provides grants for a wide range of actions and activities in the fields of education, training, youth and sport. The programme gives opportunities to students, trainees, staff and volunteers to spend a period abroad to increase their skills and employability. It supports organisations to work in transnational partnership and to share innovative practices in the fields of education, training and youth. The new sport action will support grassroots projects and cross-border challenges such as combating match-fixing, doping, violence and racism.
The Programme has an overall indicative financial envelope of 14.774 billion EUR for the seven years (2014-2020) under Heading 1 of the EU Budget. The annual budget is adopted by the Budgetary Authority.
The different steps for the adoption of the EU budget can be followed at: http://ec.europa.eu/budget/documents/budget_current_year_en.htm