Currently, political relations between the EU and Tajikistan are guided by the bilateral 'Partnership and Cooperation Agreement' and the 'European Union and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership'.
The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement came into force on 1 January 2010 after ratification by all EU countries. It is contributing to the enhancement of bilateral relations and heightening the EU profile in Tajikistan, as it sets out the parameters for increased political dialogue and cooperation and also aims to promote bilateral trade and investments.
The EU Strategy towards Central Asia strengthens relations in all areas of cooperation. It has reinforced political dialogue with more regular meetings between EU and Central Asian Foreign Ministers, has seen the introduction of structured human rights dialogues, and has led to EU Initiatives on education, the rule of law, the environment and water. It has also strengthened cooperation on energy and transport, common threats and challenges (including border management and combating drug trafficking), and trade and economic relations.
The EU and Central Asian countries have confirmed their commitment to the EU Strategy towards Central Asia, and strategy implementation is well under way. The Cooperation Council of the EU and Tajikistan holds annual high-level discussions between the EU and Tajikistan.
The EU Delegation in Tajikistan is currently implementing the 2014-2020 Multi-Annual Indicative Programme, which is the basis for EU-Tajik development cooperation. According to this programme, the cooperation between the EU and Tajikistan during this period will cover three main focus points:
- rural development
- education and vocational training.
The EU Special Representative for Central Asia, Ambassador Peter Burian, visited Tajikistan in 2015 and emphasised the importance of the bilateral relations. He promised a continuation of EU support, but stressed the need for more social reforms in Tajikistan.
Closer to the Tajik people
In order to bring the EU closer to the Tajik people, the EU organises European Week each year. This is an opportunity to introduce European cultures to Tajikistan and to outline the work of the EU Delegation. Furthermore, many Tajik students have already been successful in applying for the Erasmus Plus programme, which allows them to study in the EU.