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I have the honour to speak on behalf of the European Union.
Madame High Commissioner,
The European Union thanks you for the oral update you presented to today. It is important for the Human Rights Council to have the situation in Libya high on its agenda.
In this context characterized by an outbreak of violence, the EU strongly condemns the targeting of civilians, including IDPs, migrants and refugees as well as civilian and humanitarian infrastructure, including their use for military purposes. The indiscriminate attacks on densely populated residential areas may amount to war crimes.
The EU is also deeply concerned by the deteriorating human rights situation in Libya, in particular with regard to the human rights of freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly as well as the situation of IDPs, migrants and refugees, and the protection of human rights defenders, journalists and civilians, including women and children. Conditions in detention centers are appalling and reports about torture and ill-treatment, sexual- and gender-based violence as well as enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and extrajudicial killings are worrisome.
We remind all parties of their obligation to uphold International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law, including by allowing the safe, rapid and unimpeded delivery of humanitarian aid and services, and ensure protection for humanitarian workers as well as medical staff and the personnel of the UN Mission.
Those responsible for serious violations of International Humanitarian Law and violations and abuses of international human rights law must be brought to justice and held to account. In order to facilitate this, comprehensive, independent and credible investigations have to be undertaken, including by the Human Rights Council.
We also encourage international support to capacity building in the field of Rule of Law, the creation of regular police forces and the early implementation of DDR process.
Madame High Commissioner,
Only a genuine intra-Libyan and UN-facilitated political dialogue will bring the current conflict to an end and will lead to a durable stabilization of the country. The EU strongly supports the efforts of Ghassan Salamé to halt the fighting and create conditions for the resumption of the UN-led political process, in line with the “three-phase-approach” laid out in the UN Security Council on 29 July 2019 The EU commends the efforts made by member states to facilitate the work of the UN, in particular the holding of a ministerial meeting co-chaired by Italy and France during the UN General Assembly and the perspective of an international conference hosted by Germany this fall.
Thank you Mr President.