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Am 28. Mai hat Rat der Europäischen Union den jährlichen EU-Bericht über die Lage der Menschenrebschichte und Demokratie in der Welt verabschiedet. Die Menschenrechtspolitik stand auch 2017 im Zentrum der Aktivitäten des Europäischen Auswärtigen Dienstes. Die EU bestätigte dabei ihre führende Rolle beim weltweiten Schutz und der Förderung der Menschenrechte. Der Bericht anerkennt den sehr hohen Standard der Menschenrechtslage in der Schweiz und dem Fürstentum Liechtenstein. Beide Staaten setzen sich auch in ihrer Aussenpolitik aktiv für Menschenrechte und Demokratie ein und kooperieren hierbei oftmals eng mit der Europäischen Union.
Overall human rights situation: Switzerland has a very high standard of human rights internally, and an active human rights policy abroad. There are no issues of major concern.
The Federal Council has decided in June 2016 to establish an independent national human rights institution tasked to support public authorities, civil society organisations and businesses in the area of human rights. The consultation process on the draft law was concluded in October 2017 and the Parliament will now discuss the adoption of a legal basis for the future institution.
EU action – key focus areas: The EU and Switzerland enjoy close and frequent cooperation within the international institutions and multilateral arena as regards human rights and democracy promotion. Public communication should not fail to highlight the variety of areas where the EU and Switzerland are acting jointly and where common achievements are made.
EU bilateral political engagement: In general, Switzerland has good mechanisms in place to assure the protection of human rights within its territory. Possible issues are best addressed in the framework of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in the UN Human Rights Council.
Multilateral context: In November 2017, Switzerland’s UPR3 cycle took place. In its national report submitted in July 2017, Switzerland notably refers to its 2016-2019 Human Rights Strategy and emphasises the steps taken in view of the creation of a National Human Rights Institution.
Switzerland recalls its accession to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (2014), to the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (2016) and to the International Labour Organization Domestic Workers Convention (2011), in line with previous UPR2 recommendations.
Switzerland received 251 recommendations and accepted 121. It should provide responses by March 2018. Remaining challenges identified in the report of the Working Group concern gender equality, LGBTI rights, sexual and gender based violence. Universal Periodic Review (UPR) recommendations encourage the final establishment of a National Human Rights Institution.
Overall human rights situation: Liechtenstein has a very high standard of human rights. There are no issues of major concern. The legal basis for the creation of the National Human Rights Institution, the Law on the Association for Human Rights in Liechtenstein, entered into force on 1 January 2017.
EU bilateral political engagement: Focussing on the positive cooperation with Liechtenstein as regards human rights promotion in international fora is a priority for EU action in the country.
EU bilateral political engagement: In general, Liechtenstein has good mechanisms in place to assure the protection of human rights within its territory. Possible issues are best addressed in the framework of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in the UN Human Rights.