Honourable Minister of Interior Lt. Gen. Michael Chianyjiek,
International Organisation for Migration (IOM),
Ladies and gentlemen!
In line with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target 10, on "facilitating orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people", the overall aim of the European Union (EU) development approach on migration is not to try to stop migration.
Migratory movements are a natural component of the populations' research for livelihoods, especially in this region. EU support to IOM and migration management in general in countries like South Sudan should be seen in this perspective.
Our work aims at making migration better for everyone involved. This includes countries of origin, countries of transit and countries of destination alike. But most of all it concerns the migrants themselves.
Well managed migrations will better ensure the respect of human rights of the migrants, cater for the management of workforce needed as well as guide the States that are trying to provide their livelihoods.
Important element is that migration policies and related programmes are consulted in a participatory way with the receiving population, and are not felt as imposed by from above.
The success will not be measured by the changes of quantity migrants, which as we know follow patterns of macroeconomics and security. The real success will be in the quality of the management of the migration and in the way the migration flows do not deprive but enhance the economic development and living conditions.
Over the last three years, EU has progressively established a comprehensive and balanced EU approach on migration. In line with the European Agenda for Migration, the external dimension of this approach is based on genuine partnership and mutual interest, underpinned by meaningful dialogue and adapted to the specific context in each partner country.
It is along these lines that we have stepped up our engagement on migration with partner countries, perhaps most notable with our African partners.
In complement to EU support provided for improving capacity to ensure well-managed migration, we support partner countries to improve their capacity to deal with the more long-term and structural root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement. This is typically done via support to fostering resilience, stability and security but also to provide socio-economic opportunities and job opportunities, in particular for the youth.
Honourable Minister, Ladies and gentle men
This is where our support to the implementation of SDG Global Compact for migration comes in. The support focuses on training and equipping our partners with the right skills and tools so they are better positioned to address the migration challenges they face in their countries and ensure they can protect and assist vulnerable migrants and refugees arriving in or transiting through their countries.
Our policy dialogues are underpinned by reinforced EU financial tools for concrete support and implementation; we use available EU development financial instruments, in line with their specific mandates and added value. The EU Trust Fund for Africa and the European External Investment Plan (EIP) are some of the more innovative key instruments for that purpose. The EU Trust Fund for Africa complements official EU development assistance. It has allowed the EU and its Member States to work jointly with African partners, faster and with more flexibility, resulting in greater efficiency.
Resources currently allocated to the EU Trust Fund for Africa amount to approximately EUR 4.1 billion. So far, about 200 programmes have been approved for a total amount of EUR 3.5 billion. South Sudan benefits from 10 programs for a total amount of 150 million EURO.
Finally, migration is a global challenge and need global cooperation. The Global Compact on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration represents a unique opportunity to strengthen international cooperation on migration. In the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants in 2016 all UN Member States committed themselves to implement well-managed migration policies, to share more equitably the burden and responsibility for hosting and supporting the world’s refugees and to protect the human rights of all migrants.
The two Global Compacts on I) Migrants and on ii) Refugees respectively, adopted in December 2018 links migration and development within an international cooperation framework.
With these words I liked to put today's event in a global perspective and encourage all partners and stakeholders to coordinate their efforts to a common goal.
Head of Cooperation