Delegation of the European Union to Somalia

EU emergency trust fund for Africa

30/05/2018 - 11:18

Migration Management and Durable Solutions - Working with Somali people to build peace and prosperity.

Somalia is a land of origin, transit and destination of irregular migration flows in the Horn of Africa region. Since the fall of the Siad Barre regime in 1991, more than 2 million Somalis have left the country and approximately one million Somali refugees are living in the neighbouring countries in the region. Due to recurrent drought, conflict and natural disasters, more than one million persons are in a situation of protracted displacement in Somalia and another million have been displaced inside the country since November 2016. In addition, around 100,000 Somali refugees have returned from refugee camps in Kenya to resettle in their home county and many young people choose to engage in “tahrib”, i.e. irregular migration, to seek opportunities abroad.

There is a growing consensus around the need to move away from short-term responses to displacement and instead, at the onset of a crisis, apply long-term approaches that contribute to durable solutions to displacement. Durable solutions are achieved when displacement-affected communities no longer have specific assistance or protection needs linked to their displacement, and when they can exercise their rights without discrimination as a result of their displacement. In policy terms, a durable solution can be achieved through sustainable reintegration, local integration or resettlement.

The challenges associated with trafficking, smuggling and gender-based violence that Somalia is experiencing can cause further tension between host communities, returnees and internal displaced people (IDPs) and lead to increased risk of instability and criminality. Under the Khartoum Process, the Horn of Africa region has set up a regional cooperation framework for ongoing dialogue on Migration and Mobility focusing primarily on human trafficking and smuggling. Irregular migration is a very dangerous option as many migrants risk their lives or have to go through terrible experiences on their way. This underlines the need to strengthen migration management and protect the rights of the migrants in the Horn of Africa.

Some of the main obstacles encountered so far in the migration sector are connected to the pertinent challenges Somalia has been facing during 2017 and continue to face. Somalia is without a designated ministry and mechanism to manage migration in a coordinated manner: different line ministries/institutions play diverse roles in responding to related facets of migration issues. The lack of clarity on which institutions take the lead in the formulation of the laws and policies related to migration has a significant impact on the implementation of the projects. 

The challenges associated with displacement and mixed migration flows have numerous drivers which vary according to local contexts, but are commonly rooted in a lack of socio-economic opportunities, poverty, conflict, instability or climate change. The EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) is a key tool to address  the management of mixed migration flows and displacement in Somalia and in the Horn of Africa.

As part of the EUTF, the European Union supports programmes with the view to mitigating the effects of displacement and managing mixed migration flows. With a total worth of 50 MEUR RE-INTEG: Enhancing Somalia’s responsiveness to the management and reintegration of mixed migration flows (RE-INTEG) finances projects with the aim of supporting the reintegration of refugees, returnees and internally displaced people among host communities by supporting the provision of basic services and strengthening livelihood opportunities in key areas of return across the country. In addition the regional programme "Better Migration management" aims to strengthen the Federal Government of Somalia in pursuing a government approach to migration and border governance to effectively address trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants, and to allow for regional policy harmonisation and cooperation in accordance with the relevant international conventions and standards.

These initiatives will strive towards finding durable solutions for displacement-affected communities across Somalia and will be done in close coordination with EU support foreseen within the National Indicative Programme to Education and Social Protection sectors in order to find synergies and avoid duplication of efforts.

Amongst most relevant results achieved in 2017 thanks to EU support in this sector:

  • 26,492 deportees assisted with reception, our of which 2,907 received specialized assistance.
  • 14,224 returnees registered and profiled in 3 sites
  • 1,400 cash for work beneficiaries supported.
  • 915 women received ante-natal and post-natal medical assistance.
  • 8 temporary classrooms constructed and
  • 8 classrooms rehabilitated.
  • 6 mobile medical units were established and started delivering care.

Project: RE-INTEG: Innovative durable solutions for IDPs and returnees in Mogadishu through enhanced governance, employment and access to basic and protective services

Amount in EUR: 12 M

Main objectives: Strengthening local governance structures and increasing access for IDPs and returnees to institutions to enable durable solutions  and generating employment and affordable housing.

Implementing partner: UN-Habitat, UNHCR, UNDP, CESVI, SIDO, SWDC


Project: Durable Solutions for IDPs and Returnees in Somalia (DSIRS)

Amount in EUR: 9 M

Main objectives: Improve access to basic services and livelihood opportunities in Galmudug and Puntland to support durable solutions.

Implementing partner: CARE, ACTED, StC, IMPACT, SSWC


Project: RE-INTEG: Enhancing Somalia's responsiveness to the management of mixed migration flows

Amount in EUR: 5 M

Main objectives: Support immediate needs in terms of basic services and livelihoods of returning refugees, IDPs and host communities in Kismayo, Baidoa, Mogadishu, Dinsoor and Afmadow.

Implementing partner: UNHCR


Project: Facilitating sustainable return through laying foundation for Somalia in Horn of Africa (FLASH)

Amount in EUR: 5 M

Main objectives: Capacity building for government to provide support to migrants and returnees; improving data collection; monitoring of, and planning for population movements – nation-wide.

Implementing partner: IOM


Project: "Wadajir" - Enhancing Durable Solutions for and Reintegration of Displacement Affected Communities in Somaliland

Amount in EUR: 4 M

Main objectives: Providing basic services and creating livelihood opportunities to promote durable solutions in Somaliland.

Implementing partner: World Vision, NRC, Concern, DRC and TASCO


Project: Durable Solutions and Reintegration Support to Displacement affected communities in Jubaland state of Somalia

Amount in EUR: 4 M

Main objectives: To promote durable solutions through increased access to basic services and creation of realistic livelihood opportunities in in the Jubaland region of Somalia.

Implementing partner: NRC, Concern, Juba Foundation


Project: "Enhancing Integration of Displacement Affected Communities in Somalia (EIDACS)"

Amount in EUR: 4 M

Main objectives: Facilitating inter-community agreements on durable solutions and provision basic services and livelihood opportunities in South West.

Implementing partner: Concern, DRC, NRC, GREDO


Project: Supporting the Development and Implementation of Policies for the Return, Reintegration and Protection of Internally-Displaced Persons (IDPs) and Refugees

Amount in EUR: 2,9 M

Main objectives: Developing the legislative, policy and institutional framework on migration and displacement, capacity building of the institutions , and awareness-raising on displacement and migration.

Implementing partner: IDLO


Project: Enhancing Integration of Displacement Affected Communities in Baidoa (EIDACS-B)

Amount in EUR: 1 M

Main objectives: Providing support to displacement affected communities in Baidoa to gain access to basic services and livelihood opportunities.

Implementing partner: Concern, DRC, NRC, GREDO


Project: Better Migration Management (BMM)

Amount in EUR: 46 M

Main objectives: Support for policy and legislative development for better migration governance, capacity building, assistance and protection of migrants in need; and awareness-raising of safe migration.

Implementing partner: GIZ, British Council, CIVIPOL, Expertise France, IOM, Italian State Police, UNODC

Susanne Martin – Head of Section, Resilience

Luca Trinchieri – Head of Section, Governance

Anders Djurfeldt – Project Manager, Resilience

Irene Vallentinuzzi – Project Manager, Governance

Abdi Abdikadir – Press and Information Officer

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