Delegation of the European Union to Somalia

Inclusive and sustainable economic growth

30/05/2018 - 09:52
Agriculture and Food Safety

Reducing Vulnerabilities and Creating Economic Opportunities - Working with Somali people to build peace and prosperity.

Inclusive economic development and growth is critical for Somalia’s state- and peace-building processes. It is responsible to provide livelihoods, food security and jobs for most of the rural and urban population, increase resilience, reduce social inequalities and can contribute to generating critical revenue for the Government to support public services delivery and therefore enhance its legitimacy. Nevertheless, Somalia's economic base is narrow, highly dependent on traditional primary sector (mainly livestock) and consequently highly vulnerable to natural, economic, political and social shocks.

In addition, degraded ecosystems, weak governance, lack of access and delivery of basic services and deficit of infrastructure are hindering equitable growth and development. On the other side, lack of adequate public services, policies and regulations and deteriorated (or none existing) infrastructure prevent further engagement from a dynamic private sector and the development of innovative sectors and industry. Also, insufficient empowerment at community level and absence of social protection mechanisms are preventing inclusion and graduation of vulnerable groups and livelihoods mainly amongst young people, women and the displaced.

EU strategy on inclusive and sustainable economic growth aimed at creating income and job opportunities while addressing social and economic vulnerabilities through the following areas of action:

Productive sectors and value chain development

EU interventions mainly supported traditional primary sectors (agriculture, livestock and artisanal fisheries) improving  access to markets, services, inputs and natural resources for small farmers, pastoralists, agro-pastoralists and fishermen. Animal health, land and water management, sustainable agriculture and more recently support to value addition in livestock and fisheries sector have been the main field of interventions. In the framework of EU contribution to the Multi Partners Trust Fund of the World Bank, regulatory framework and capacity building to develop a more conducive environment for private sector development and non-traditional sectors is being promoted.

Displacement and durable solutions

The EU is a key player in the support to finding durable solutions to displacement-affected communities in Somalia. The €50 million RE-INTEG Programme, funded by the EU Trust Fund for Africa, contributes to addressing the needs of returnees, IDPs and host communities in terms of sustainable access to basic services and livelihood opportunities across Somalia. The programme applies an inclusive approach towards targeting of returnees, IDPs and host communities and involves the government and communities in prioritisation and planning for durable solutions. The end goal of the programme is also to strengthen migration management and improve the legal, policy and institutional framework for migration in Somalia.

Infrastructure

The EU is supporting the development of key infrastructure, mainly in Northern Somalia so far in order to promote sustainable economic and social development. We are especially active in water, energy and road infrastructure in Somalia. In order to leverage our support and facilitate sustainability, public/private partnerships for urban water management and the promotion of small scale renewable  energy is promoted. A strong focus is also given on capacity building and regulatory frameworks.  The rehabilitation of roads at local and national level facilitates access to economic and social services.

Disaster risk reduction, resilience and social protection

The EU is making substantial efforts to link relief, rehabilitation and development in Somalia. Interventions are contributing to reducing vulnerability to shocks at community level, protecting and enhancing livelihoods of vulnerable groups, strengthening disaster prevention capacity both at community and institutional level and facilitating access of vulnerable groups to basic public services.

Natural resources management

The EU is actively involved in supporting better natural resources management in Somalia. Interventions combine a support on better information management on land and water resources to facilitate early warning, planning and decision making (SWALIM), improved rangeland management and gradual reduction of unsustainable charcoal production through institutional and community capacity building. Solar energy and modern energy-efficient technologies and practices have also been promoted and strengthened.

 

Amongst most relevant results achieved by the EU in this sector:

  • Almost 500,000 amongst farmers, pastoralists, agro pastoralists and small retailers (mainly women) improved and secured their income through better access to knowledge, markets (local and export), inputs, services and natural resources.
  • 20,000 hectares with access to water through built and/or rehabilitated water infrastructure (irrigation systems, catchments, boreholes, etc.), 150 km of rural roads rehabilitated, 250,000 farmers/pastoralists trained.
  • Animal disease surveillance system was established and as a result some diseases were eradicated, outbreaks controlled and 5 million animals were exported in 2015.
  • 1,000 members of Village Savings & Loans Association have received skills training and have been able to develop small businesses and expand their activities.
  • More than 4,000 food insecure people have received assistance through conditional or unconditional social transfers which allowed them to have their livelihoods and assets protected during shocks
  • Rangeland management plans implemented in 52 communities and the construction or maintenance of soil conservation structures (250 active erosion sites stabilised, 295 km of soil conservation structures constructed and maintained, 30 water conservation structures/dams built)
  • National Information System on land and water management and food security and nutrition ensured and improved early warning and natural disaster response.
  • More than 26 km of water pipeline are being built/rehabilitated to provide safe and clean water to one million people.
  • 89 km of roads under rehabilitation
  • Distribution of over 9.500 alternative energy saving cooking stoves.
  • Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
  • Interafrican Bureau for Animal Resources (AU IBAR)
  • SOMREP Consortium
  • BRICS Consortium
  • STREAM Consortium
  • UN HABITAT
  • GIZ
  • CARE
  • Adventist Development and Relief Agency - ADRA
  • Somaliland Durable Solutions Consortium - SDSC
  • EIDACS Consortium
  • Jubaland Solutions Consortium - JSC 
  • DSIRS Consortium

Susanne Martin – Head of Section
Susanne.Martin@eeas.europa.eu

Pauline Gibourdel – Programme Manager Resilience
Pauline.Gibourdel@eeas.europa.eu

Martino Vinci – Programme Manager Productive Sectors
Martino.Vinci@eeas.europa.eu

Mohamed Haji – Programme Manager Infrastructure
Mohamed.Haji@eeas.europa.eu

Anders Djurfeldt - Programme Manager Durable Solutions
Anders.Djurfeldt@eeas.europa.eu 

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