Currently, political relations between the EU and Tajikistan are guided by the bilateral 'Partnership and Cooperation Agreement' and the EU Strategy on Central Asia “New Opportunities for a Stronger Partnership”, adopted in 2019. Tajikistan has formally requested to upgrade the current PCA in November 2019 through negotiation of an Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA - following KAZ, KYR, UZB example). European External Action Service and Directorate General for Trade are working to obtain a mandate to start negotiations for an EPCA in 2022, with the objective to further strengthen the partnership and expand cooperation in new areas.
The EU Special Representative for Central Asia regularly visits Tajikistan and the region to promote cooperation between the EU and Central Asia on issues of regional importance, in particular connectivity, green energy production, environmental protection and management of natural resources as well as security issues. EUSR Ambassador Terhi Hakala reiterated continued EU support for reforms in Tajikistan and discussed further opportunities for advancing regional cooperation in key areas with the Tajik government during her visit to Tajikistan in September 2021.
The Partnership and Cooperation Agreement came into force on 1 January 2010 after ratification by all EU countries. It is contributing to the enhancement of bilateral relations and heightening the EU profile in Tajikistan, as it sets out the parameters for increased political dialogue and cooperation and also aims at promoting bilateral trade and investments. Currently, the political dialogue is held yearly at the level of ministers (Cooperation Council) and senior officials (Cooperation Committee, Sub-Committee for Development Cooperation). A specific Human Rights dialogue is dedicated to reforms in the area of rights, freedoms and governance.
The new EU Strategy on Central Asia aims to forge a stronger, modern and non-exclusive partnership with the countries of Central Asia so that the region develops as a sustainable, more resilient, prosperous, and closely interconnected economic and political space.
The EU and Central Asian countries have confirmed their commitment to the new EU Strategy towards Central Asia, and strategy implementation is well under way. The Cooperation Council of the EU and Tajikistan holds annual high-level discussions between the EU and Tajikistan.