European Union Delegation to Singapore

Cabo Verde and the EU

11/05/2016 - 15:34
EU relations with Country

Cabo Verde and the EU have sick under close and very constructive relationship for more than 35 years, based first of all on significant and continuing development cooperation. Today, Cabo Verde and the EU share a strong share of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law, and promote and defend them in many international.The very successful evolution of the relationship in these areas led to the creation of the EU-Cabo Verde Special Partnership in 2007.

Cabo Verde and the EU have sick under close and very constructive relationship for more than 35 years, based first of all on significant and continuing development cooperation. Today, Cabo  Verde and the EU share a strong share of democracy, respect for human rights and the rule of law, and promote and defend them in many international.Following the Cotonou Agreement of 2000, Cabo  Verde and the European Union decided to effect their relations in a unique way through two new instruments: The EU-Cabo  Verde Special Partnership, and the EU-Cabo  Verde Partnership for Mobility.

The  EU/Cabo Verde Special partnership swap in 2007 with the aids of expression to and further dismantling the specific close and successful level of development of development cooperation to a regular policy dialogue at high and high level. Priority areas of action, the following six pillars were:

  • Good governance
  • Security/stability
  • Regional integration
  • Technical and Regulatory Convergence
  • Knowledge-based Society
  • The fight against poverty, and development.

In the framework of this partnership, an Action Plan for Security and Stability pursued in 2014, and adopted at the Ministerial Meeting in Luxembourg in 2015.

The  Mobility Partnership ( 2008), for which Cabo  Verde is selected by the EU and Cabo  Verde in the area of migration. This partnership includes concrete initiative from both, including two agreements in force on facilitating issuance of personnel. In the Schengen area, Portugal  has the Common Visa Centre (CCV, (link) derived from various projects funded under the terms of 15 EU Member States.

 

The EU is the main trading partner of Cabo Verde, accounting for more than 70 % of imports to Cabo Verde and receiving 96 % of the county’s exports.

Those part of new trade partnerships in the Cotonou Agreement of 2000, ACP countries (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific) and the EU have been negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAS) to build a trade partnership to build a trade partnership for development.The benefit of the EPAS is to help ACP countries to integrate into the world economy and benefit from the opportunities by globalisation.

Producers and farmers in Cabo Verde can benefit from an EPA in the following ways:

— Avoid of quotas and invoices for exports to the European market;

— Access to a free market, so-called EFTA countries (Switzerland, Norway etc.);

Integration in regional markets (with ECOWAS countries — Economic Community of West African States);

Promotion of candidate reforms that contribute to sustainable economic growth and an improvement in the business environment.

The new European External Investment Plan (EeIP) will welcome the country to identify these objectives.The Investment Plan is intended to provide incentives for the private sector and to support small and medium-term enterprises, in order to boost employment generation and economic growth.

The European Development Fund is the main source of the EU and Cabo Verde. The EDF is references of contributions from EU Member States towards financing cooperation projects and activities in ACP countries (Africa, Caribbean, and Pacific) identified during the design of the relevant National Indicative Programmes (NIP) and Regional Indicative Programmes (IPM).

During the 10th EDF implementation, from 2008 to 2013, approximately 86 % of the funds were changed through budget support to sustainable poverty reduction and economic growth, and to promote the Special  Partnership between Cabo  Verde and the EU.

 

BUDGET SUPPORT (BS)

The European Union staging applying Budget Support in Cabo  Verde in 1998 with programmes to stabilise public finance management, and to staging food security in a subsequent phase.

Budget Support as part of the 10th EDF modified in 2016.An overall total of 70.3 million euros provided.

The current EU-Cabo Verde Budget Support programme run at the end of 2016, providing a total of 50 million euro in the framework of the 11th European Development Fund for the period 2016-2020.

In addition to this package, financial amounts of 5 million euro were provided for institutional support and technical assistance, in order to cover the technical and operational capacities of public institutions in priority sectors.

The package of 7 million euro approved in 2016Similarly funds were provided in 2014 after the Volcanic ERUPTION on the island of Fire, and during the drop 2017/2018, and in 2015 as part of the Pro-Resilience Action 2015 programme to support the fight against the effects of drop by retail food security and sustainable rural development.

The total EU Budget Support to Cabo  Verde for the period 2016-2020 amounts to 74 million Euro, but Cabo  Verde Also benefits from additional support in the framework of a large number of regional EU programmes for West Africa as well as the horizontal or horizontal programme programmes (human rights and civil society, transport, sustainable cities/development, climate change, consumer protection, competitiveness, competitiveness).In 2019, the annual disbursement of EU Budget Support to Cabo  Verde was made to 14.75 million Euro.

 

 

FISHERIES PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT (FPA)

The  first fishing agreements agreement between the EEC and Cabo  Verde in 1990. 

The current Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the EU and Cabo Verde on 20th March 2007, and has been renewed regularly.Implementation protocolons defines conditions for 4 or 5 year period.

This fishery to be limited number of EU ships — from Spain, Portugal and France in particular — to fish in the exclusive economic zone of Cabo Verde but not within the 12/18 mile zone.In return for these rights, the EU provides annual payments to the national budget of Cabo  Verde as well as the technical support to the national fisheries sector.EU carriers owners pay for the licences and per ton of water.

A new protocol of to the “agreement” signed in May 2019.Under the new protocol, which lists the period of five years, 69 EU vessels can fish for tuna and similar species in Cape‑ Verdean waters.In return, the EU will pay Cabo  Verde a contribution of EUR 750,000 per year.Of this annual contribution, EUR 350,000 are reserved for promoting sustainable fisheries management in Cabo  Verde, including capacity building for reinforced control and supervision and development of fish stocks, development of the blue economy to generate growth and jobs, and support to local fishing with a view to sustainable exploration, supply and development in the sector.In addition, EU fishing vetoes will pay an estimated amount of EUR 600,000 per year. Cabo  Verde will allow approximately 7 million euro for the period 2019-2024.

 

EU sectoral support to the fishing sector for claims in particular to:

  • provide evidence of scientific knowledge underlying fishing rights granted under the agreements and provide more information on the global fishing effort carried out in the waters of partner countries;
  • strengthen the good governance of the agreements and including a class protecting human rights, as well as gradually increasing the contribution from EU Shipowners to the costs of access;
  • promoting sustainable fishing in the waters of partner countries, better defining the objectives of the concessional of the EU and ensuring regular supervision.

 

Support for coastal communities under the 2019-2024 protocol:

            Update fisheries data — Fisheries census

The     study to quantify the contribution of the fisheries sector to the national economy

            Construction of a pendre for repair of bots and networks in the ‘Lomba’ tantum fishermen’s house (Brava)

            Acquisition of boxes and pallets for landing and storage of fish (6 islands:SA, SN, SA, BR, FG, BV)

            Training in good handling and storage practices for fish sellers in municipal markets

            Improve safety at sea (sounder, GPS) and training.Target:400 fishermen equipped and trained

 

CIVIL SOCIETY

In Cabo Verde, the European Union has been supporting various civil society projects through the thematic programme "Civil society organizations and local authorities", the latter in the area of cultural heritage and sustainable tourism following calls for proposals 2013, 2015 and 2017.

Five new projects that aims to support and strengthen civil society, as an actor of sustainable development, in the promotion of rights, in the active participation of women and young people and in the protection of children in vulnerable situations has been implemented since February 2020.

 

RENEWABLE ENERGY

1) The Memorandum of Understanding between the EU and Cabo  Verde for Enhanced cooperation on New York, on the lines of the United Nations General Assembly and the Climate Change Summit.The Memorandum wa co-signed by the following EU Member States:Austria, Luxembourg, Spain, and Portugal.

2) The Energy sector has identified the next sector to benefit from the EU/CV cooperation on technical and regulatory convergence through the Institutional Support instrument under the New Budget Support Program (11th EDF).

3) Regional Program: Cabo  Verde is expected to benefit from two concrete programmes on energy governance under the 11th EDF.

(4) EU Technical Assistance Missions (EU/TAF SE4ALL):Since the beginning of 2014 Cabo  Verde has been received by the  EU SE4ALL issues, which will continue and which there is fundamentally the following objectives:


 I. To Hydro-Piping, Hydro-Piping, Energy Storage Project in Cabo  Verde; ii.

They are resigned at supporting the country

 in achieving the recommended results of its national strategy document for Renewable Energy.

 

The strong links that have been available between Cabo Verde and the EU have achieved by economic and cooperation relations at various levels.

Madeira, Azores, Canaries (MAC) cooperation programme 2014-2020

Cooperation between Cabo Verde and the outermost regions of Macaronesia has been promoted through the European territorial cooperation programme, particularly through the different phase of the MAC programme.In this context, the platform for regional interaction between the three outermost regions and the countries of West Africa, including Cabo  Verde, which forms part of the programme area.

During the period of 2007-2013 of the 10th MAC ERDF, Cabo  Verde included in 62 of the 86 projects funded by the programme, which included applied scientific research (which included applied scientific research (“climate change”), civil protection and economics, tourism, culture, development of business manufacture and health.

The current MAC ERDF programme 2014-2020 included the significant envelope of 112 million euro;a total of 52.3 million EUR will be allocated from these funds to 56 projects selected in the first call for proposals selected in the first call for proposals selected in the first call for proposals. Cabo Verde participating in 42 projects, most of the most significant partnership with third countries in the MAC region.

 

EU/PALOP-TL

Two projects were shot in 2 014 in the framework of cooperation between the EU and PALOP-TL (Portuguese speaking African countries and Timor Leste) and managed in Cabo  Verde, including the “Project for support and improvement of quality and proximity of public services in PALOP-TL”.

Cabo  Verde participating in the programmes and Horizon 2020.

Higher Education - International Capacity Building http://ec.europa.eu/programmes/erasmus-plus/

Horizon 2020 framework programme, which was reached by the European Commission in 2014, is complete open for the participation of all countries, including African countries.This opening provider research and innovation actors in Africa with a better opportunity to benefit and local enabler with European partners in the public and private sectors.

https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/

 

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