Due to a range of reasons, the rural communities of Sindh live in dire chronic poverty; the Province's rural areas record some of the worse socio-economic indicators in the world. In 2008 the Government of Sindh launched the Union Council Based Poverty Reduction Programme (UCBPRP) in four of the Province’s 24 districts to combat this. The SUCCESS project (Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support) builds on and complements this initiative. The EU has provided €85 million to extend the reach of UCBPRP to 8 of the remaining 20 districts.
The SUCCESS Programme utilises the RSPs' social mobilisation approach to Community Driven Development. This is based on the idea that communities are the best agents of their own development once they are organised and trained to better manage their limited resources and the financial support and services available to them.
What is singular about the RSP approach to rural development in Sindh, where socio-cultural norms are less restrictive than elsewhere in Pakistan, is that it is being solely implemented by and through women groups.
Total Cost (EUR): 24 210 000
EU contracted amount (EUR): 23 000 000
Duration: February 2016 - January 2021
Implementing organisation: NATIONAL RURAL SUPPORT PROGRAMME LBG
Funding Instrument: DCI - Non State Actors and Local Authorities in development
Benefitting zone: Pakistan
Widow Raheeman Khatoon, beneficiary of a Community Organisation
SUCCESS is a six-year long (2015-2021) programme funded by the European Union and implemented by Rural Support Programmes in eight districts of Sindh, namely: Kambar Shahdadkot, Larkana, Dadu, Jamshoro, Matiari, Sujawal, Tando Allahyar and Tando Muhammad Khan. Due to a range of reasons, the rural communities of Sindh live in dire chronic poverty; the Province's rural areas record some of the worse socioeconomic indicators in the world. In 2008 the Government of Sindh launched the Union Council Based Poverty Reduction Programme in four of the Province’s 24 districts to combat this. The SUCCESS project (Sindh Union Council and Community Economic Strengthening Support) builds on and complement the governments' initiative.
770 000 rural households mobilised and organised through community organisations operating at three tiers to develop their capacities to solve problems and plan and implement projects for the own development in cooperation with local authorities.
The incomes of poor households (especially women) have increased on average by 30% through technical and vocational training, improved family and livestock technologies to improve food security and nutrition; support to access innovative economic activities and efficient markets; income generation schemes for communities' members and a micro-health insurance for 25% of the poorest community members.
Community infrastructure and productive assets (2 800 in all) have been upgraded and are being maintained by the communities, resulting in increased economic social and community benefits.
A high-level Strategy and Policy Dialogue Committee will be established by the Provincial Government to oversee the implementation of SUCCESS and other government sponsored initiatives.
Impoverished widow with polio afflicted son no longer feels alone
An orphan, and a physically challenged, young man Mohammad Ali is a permanent resident of village Sajjan Hakro, UC Lashari. His father had died many years ago.
As if the troubles were not enough already, Ali himself fell prey to polio, which damaged his both legs. He moves around using a tricycle.
At that time, Mohammad Ali’s family was facing great hardships and suffering due to extreme poverty; the family did not have sufficient livelihood means or a viable income source. Mohamma Ali and his mother Ms Raheeman Khatoon were stuck in a dire situation. They lacked social and financial resources, and, perhaps, also hope.
This was all about to change.
One day the social mobilisation team from the Sindh Rural Support Organisation (SRSO) visited their village. In the programme introduction meeting, the SRSO team members explained the approach that could help poor rural households in harnessing their own potential for improving their lives. The SRSO team members said that the poor need to have a common platform where they can come together and discuss the issues and potentials, and develop plans for collective and individual development. They said that Community Organisation (CO) is a platoform where representatives from all local households, especially from the poor economic background, can come together. Members have to regularly save small amounts of money according to each household’s capacity, to create a financial pool, they told the village women and men gathered for the meeting. The CO members must improve their skills, especially managerial and financial. Community members showed their willingness to follow this approach and subsequently fostered their own CO, said the SRSO team members.
Raheeman Khatoon, Ali’s mother, also stepped forward and became a member of the CO formed by the community members. Raheeman witnessed that the CO was a good platform for discussing and finding solutions for key issues faced by the households.
In one of the CO meetings, Raheeman mustered the courage and shared details of her family’s hardships. Fellow members listened to Raheeman carefully. A member asked Raheeman to tell them how, in her opinion, can the family’s situation be improved. Raheeman replied that her only resource and hope is her son, who is on a wheelchair.
There was a lot of discussion and suggestions about how Mohammad Ali could be supported to earn income.
One suggestion that most CO members found viable was for Mohammad Ali to set up a micro enterprise selling fresh vegetables and grocery items in the village. The next issue was that Raheeman did not have any capital. How could the suggested enterprise be formed, thought the CO members.
A member suggested that the money saved so far could be lent to Raheeman for setting up the vegetable selling micro-enterprise. Ali would run the shop, make profits and gradually return the borrowed money to the CO, she said. This idea appealed to all members of the CO. It was accepted unanimously. 2,000 rupees (€17) were lent to Raheeman. She thanked the CO members for their support and trust.
Raheeman and Mohammad Ali discussed and finalized the idea of selling vegetables in the village. Raheeman linked Mohammad Ali with some other local vendors who bought various items from the nearest market and sold in the village. These vendors agreed to undertake purchases for Mohammad Ali. This way Mohammad Ali began selling vegetables, become a bread earning member of his family.
Initially his sales were low. However, with the passage of time, the word spread across the village that Rahmeen’s son now sells vegetables. The sales started to grow gradually. These days, Mohammad Ali earns a daily profit of about Rs 175-225 (€1.5-2). This small profit is the main income source for Raheeman’s family. Raheeman diligently puts away a proportion of this profit to repay the loan to the CO, while also saving small amounts.
"There was a time when I felt so alone. I always thought that Mohammad Ali was a burden on me. I thought of him as a punishment. Being a widow with a polio affected son, I felt that my situation was helpless. Then a miracle happened. The local women got together and formed the Tanzeem (organisation). Suddenly, I was not alone any more. There were so many people ready to listen to my issues and help me. Fellow CO members, may God bless them, supported me financially and today, though I am still poor, but my Mohammad Ali is active and earning. I feel we are on the path towards improvement. There’s hope now. Without us getting together in the Tanzeem, this would have been unimaginable," says Raheeman Khatoon.
Ali shares similar views. "I always felt useless and a burden on my mother. This polio had ruined me, not only physically but also spiritually. When the Tanzeem agreed to lend money to my mother, our situation began to change. For outsiders, Rs 200 per may seem very small but for us this is million times better than zero."