The European Union considers the freedom of movement a fundamental right of its citizens. The border-free Schengen Area provides free movement to more than 400 million EU citizens, as well as to many non-EU nationals, businessmen, tourists or other persons legally present on the EU territory.
The EU Delegation to Pakistan does not issue passports or visas. Passports and visas are issued by the Embassy and/or Consulate of each individual EU Member State. Citizens of Pakistan require Schengen visa for travelling in the Schengen area counties and a National visa for travelling to the EU Member States outside the Schengen zone. At present the Schengen Area comprises of most of the EU Member States, except for Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania and the United Kingdom. However, Bulgaria and Romania are currently in the process of joining the Schengen Area. Of non-EU States, Iceland, Norway and Switzerland have joined the Schengen Area and Liechtenstein is expected to join soon. The Schengen visa entitles the visitor to enter one country and travel freely throughout the Schengen zone. Pakistani nationals should contact the EU Member State's Embassy or Consulate in Pakistan for obtaining the required Schengen or National Visa of their travel destination in Europe.