Norway is closely linked with the EU through membership in the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA), which brings together all the 27 EU Member States and three of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) countries, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein in the Single Market. Much of the cooperation and political dialogue between the EU and Norway take place in special EEA institutions, including the EEA Council, Joint Committee, Parliamentary Committee, and Consultative Committee. Norway is furthermore a member of the Schengen Agreement, which gives its citizens the right to travel passport-free within the Schengen Area, and a signatory of the Dublin Regulation on asylum policy.
The EU and Norway are very much aligned on the main foreign policy issues. Norway shares the EU’s support for the multilateral system and often aligns itself with the EU Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) declarations and restrictive measures. The EU and Norway have a dialogue on foreign policy at senior official level.
Norway is a Member of the Arctic Council. It supports the EU in obtaining formal observer status on the Arctic Council. The EU and Norway also work together in the framework of the Northern Dimension and the Barents Euro-Arctic Council.