Today a successful cooperation project with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan to enhance radiation safety and the safe management of radioactive waste is completed with the final project meeting. This project, financed with EUR 1.8 million by the European Union's Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC), gave valuable support to three Jordan institutions, the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Commission (EMRC), the Jordan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC) and the Ministry of Environment of Jordan (MOENV).
One major topic in the project was the licensing of SESAME (Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East). SESAME is a “third-generation” synchrotron light source that was officially inaugurated in Allan in 2017. The region’s first major international centre of excellence, SESAME is a cooperative venture by scientists and governments of the region set up on the model of CERN, In the project, senior European experts shared their experience on the technical aspects and the safety features of the SESAME synchrotron, and thus supported EMRC in the ongoing licensing process for the SESAME. Once the review, assessment and inspection activities for the license application are fulfilled, the license for permanent operation will be granted, which will help to further scientific cooperation in the region. The EU Delegation in Jordan, complemented the overall EU support to SESAME by providing a 7 Megawatt solar system for electricity supply to the SESAME facilities under the EU support programme to green energy in Jordan. The facility that was inaugurated in February 2019, sets SESAME as the first synchrotron in the region powered by solar energy.
Since the start of the project in 2017, numerous support activities were conducted in Jordan by about 50 senior experts from the EU. The support continued through online tools under the adverse conditions posed by the Corona pandemic in 2020. Through workshops, training courses and on-site support visits, EMRC and JAEC staff were trained and supported in their daily work.
Under the project, the legal basis on nuclear and radiation safety in Jordan was improved, while the first national report for the Joint Convention on the safety of spent fuel management and radioactive waste management was compiled by the Jordanian institutions, assisted by the European experts. JAEC and the Consortium further developed the radioactive waste management strategy for Jordan and the Action Plan for its implementation, and defined a way to cope with the radioactive waste stored on the Sewaqa site.
The project was implemented through a contract with a Consortium comprising ENCO of Austria, the Hungarian Atomic Energy Agency (HAEA), NRG of the Netherlands and TÜV NORD EnSys GmbH & Co KG of Germany. The successful completion of the project is the result of cooperation between the partners in Jordan and the Consortium. In particular, this was realized owing to the motivation of the beneficiaries and end-users and their willingness to enhance their capacities and capabilities in the fields of radiation protection in all areas of the utilization of ionising radiation, and of the radioactive waste management.
Following the Chernobyl accident in 1986, the EU launched a nuclear safety programme under TACIS (Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States) which, between 1991 and 2006, allocated some €1.2 billion to nuclear safety and security projects. From 2007 to 2013, the EU expanded its nuclear safety assistance to third countries under the Instrument for Nuclear Safety Cooperation (INSC) with a total budget allocation of €524 million. In June 2014, the strategy for the implementation of Phase 2 of the INSC (2014 – 2020) was agreed, committing an extra €325 million for nuclear safety projects.
Jordan has been following a nuclear power development programme since 2007. One pre-condition for this programme is the development of the necessary infrastructure. The EC has been a partner to Jordan in this development from early times on. This was the third project for Jordan under INSC to support the country in necessary improvements and thus, to foster advancing its peaceful nuclear programme, meeting the highest standards in the field of nuclear and radiation safety and radioactive waste management.
For more information, please contact:
Mr Xavier Pinsolle, European Commission Project Manager - INSC Sector, DG International Cooperation and Development; e-mail: email@example.com
Dr. Rabie Abu Saleem, EMRC Commissioner of Radiation and Nuclear Sector; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Dr Ahmad Alsabbagh, JAEC Commissioner for Nuclear Fuel Cycle; e-mail:
Mr Bojan Tomic, ENCO; e-mail: email@example.com
 SESAME has Jordan, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Pakistan, Palestine, and Turkey as member states.