The main instrument for EU assistance is the European Development Fund. Most European Union development cooperation activities in Nigeria are funded primarily through the allocation of EUR 689 million from the 10th European Development Fund (EDF) to the EU/Nigeria National Indicative Programme (NIP) and a EUR 512 million allocation from the 11th EDF.
The three priority sectors for the current 11th EDF development assistance to Nigeria are:
In the social sector, improving access to quality primary health care, the fight against malnutrition and measures to strengthen resilience and promote social protection. Included here are support for routine and polio immunization campaigns, activities to improve access to clean water and sanitation, and reinforce livelihoods and revenue generation in rural populations through food and nutrition security;
In the economic sector, increasing access to sustainable electricity, supporting efforts to improve conditions for economic growth with a focus on improving competitiveness and diversification, development of renewable energy and energy efficiency measures and strengthening public finance systems at state and federal levels, to create a stable environment for trade and investment activities;
In the governance sector, continued support to action to strengthen democracy in Nigeria, the fight against corruption, the fight against trafficking of human beings, drugs and small arms, the reform of the justice system, measures to manage migration more efficiently and effectively, and capacity building for civil society organisations.
Other funding sources for EU development cooperation include:
The EU Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP) formerly called the Instrument for Stability;
The European Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF), in particular the €1001.8 million allocation for the Sahel/Lake Chad region *Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ivory Coast, the Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal*;
Various EU Thematic Budget lines
EU funded humanitarian assistance in Nigeria through the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO).
Please note that a significant allocation from the 11th EDF (about 1 billion euros) is used for regional cooperation in West-Africa, mainly coordinated with the regional organisations ECOWAS and WAEMU, in the areas of peace & security, economic integration (including infrastructure) and natural resources management & resilience.