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"Nepal has made very important advances in the protection of women rights and human rights in the constitution but at the same time it needs to put into place the right policies and programmes to implement the new provisions," said H.E. Veronica Cody, Ambassador, Delegation of the European Union to Nepal.
Delivering her welcome remarks at a half-day discussion on the topic, “Women in Nepal: the Journey To Prosperity” organised on 5 December in Kathmandu Ambassador Cody said the promotion of women rights and opportunities should be mainstreamed across all government sectors to ensure that this issue is addressed in a comprehensive manner.
The programme was organised as part of the global 16-day campaign against Gender Based Violence, being implemented in collaboration with the United Nations.
She presented the initiative being taken by the European Union (EU) to advocate for gender equality with the introduction of the “Gender Champion”. She herself will be taking up the role from 1st of January 2018.
Addressing the programme, Rt. Honourable Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Speaker, House of Representatives highlighted that 41% of elected officials at the local level and 32% at provincial and federal levels are women. He also iterated that the constitution recognises women’s rights as a fundamental right and National Women Commission as a constitutional body. However, he stated that there is still a lot to do to achieve an “equality-based society”. He thanked the EU for its support in this endeavour.
The roundtable discussion included the participations of Honourable Mr. Krishna Bhakta Pokharel, Chairperson, Committee on Law, Justice and Human Rights, Federal Parliament of Nepal, Honourable Ms. Mohna Ansari, Member, National Human Rights Commission of Nepal, Ms. Kamala Shrestha, Chairperson, Women, Entrepreneurs and Development Committee, Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FNCCI) and Ms. Bharati Silwal Giri, Gender and Social Inclusion (GESI) Expert. The discussion was moderated by Mr. Rajesh Hamal who began by commemorating the relevancy of this discussion on the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Hon. Mr. Krishna Bhakta Pokharel presented on the topic of “Women for inclusive laws and policies” and remarked that the present constitutional and legal frameworks are the most progressive in terms of gender equality till date. The constitution guarantees women’s property rights, reproductive rights and various other social rights. For the first time, Chhaupadi has been criminalised, dowry carries a sentence of 3 to 5 years and rape is now punishable by up to life in prison. However, he accepted that gender bias still prevails when it comes to granting citizenship in the name of the mother. Overall, he expressed optimism that with equal laws now in place, Nepal may be able to achieve an equal society in the next 8 to 10 years.
Ms. Mohna Ansari spoke on the topic of “Women for effective implementation of the laws and policies” and expressly stated that although our laws have made progress, they still are not enough. And as long as 51% of Nepali population [women] are not included in mainstream development, the nation cannot achieve prosperity, she said.
Ms. Kamala Shrestha presented the innovative concept of utilising Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to empower women, especially in the field of e-commerce. She stated that true empowerment can only come from financial independence and hence, women entrepreneurs must be encouraged, most prominently in the field of Small and Medium Enterprises. She also shed light on the problem that women are often not trusted to take up leadership roles and so, the society must be convinced of a woman’s leadership potentials.
Ms. Bharati Silwal Giri presented on “Women in the lead in Nepal: Issues, Challenges and Way forward” and challenged the notion of women officials elected at various levels. Women have found a place in public sphere but mostly as token positions. Among the mayor and deputy mayor, women have mostly been elected as deputy mayors. And while Nepal does have a woman president, the position is without power and prerogatives. She expressed that woman must be allowed to do work and not merely be established in a symbolic post. She also opined that the major hurdle for women empowerment lies in the institutionalised form of patriarchy.
The event also included a session on Gender Sensitive Local Government where Mr. Somnath Sapkota, Mayor, Musikot Municipality, Gulmi and Ms. Salma Khatun, Deputy Mayor, Pokhariya Municipality, Parsa shared their learnings and experiences on gender equality at the local and grassroots level. Mr. Somnath Sapkota clarified on the special relevance of gender equality for his municipality. Most males in Musikot are abroad for foreign employment so the society is largely comprised of females, who need to be empowered to drive the society to development. For this, he shared that his municipality is engaged in training, technology, loan and grants to facilitate women mainstreaming.
Ms. Salma Khatun presented her perspective as an elected woman official at the local level. She said that women have been elected but their voices have yet to be heard. Often, the elected women are themselves not being able to exercise their rights. So, they cannot be expected to help ensure the rights of other women. She also shared the work her municipality is doing with regards to gender equality like distributing cycles to facilitate female mobility and promotion of menstrual hygiene. “Women are the basis of a family, and when they are not happy, the family and the society cannot be happy”, she said.
The session was followed by a questions and answers session where the participants posed various questions to the panellists and the Mayor/Deputy Mayor. The session concluded that men and boys also need to be engaged in the wider debate of strengthening women's rights.
Ms. Zane Petre, Head of Political, Press & Public Diplomacy Section, European Union Delegation to Nepal delivered the vote of thanks where she thanked all the beneficiaries, stakeholders, member states and partners for making the event a success. She reaffirmed gender equality as a core value of EU and EU’s commitment in gender as a cross cutting issue in its development cooperation with Nepal. She highlighted EU’s role in both advocacy and practice of gender equality, not just in Nepal but all around the world.