To show its continuing, tangible support for the Rohingya refugees and the communities hosting them, the European Union (EU) has decided to provide an additional 2 million euro for humanitarian action. The funds will respond to urgent humanitarian and protection needs of the refugees in the region, including refugees who have arrived in Indonesia in 2020. The funds will support multi-sectoral and protection services, in particular for Rohingya refugee survivors of gender-based violence. The funds will also help provide health care, mental health and nutritional services to Rohingya refugees.
The migration of Rohingya continued in 2020 in spite of the global COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent containment measures. During the past months, Aceh fishermen rescued hundreds of Rohingya who had been at sea for months; the majority were children and women. The rescue and hosting of these Rohingya is testimony to Indonesia’s respect for international law and demonstrates the generosity of the Indonesian Government and people.
The EU is firmly committed to the Rohingya people, as well as to refugee-hosting communities. Since 2017, the EU and its Member States have contributed over 226 million euro in emergency and early recovery assistance. Through our humanitarian response strategy, we have supported local initiatives in the areas of health care, food, nutrition, water and sanitation, education, protection and shelter. By providing assistance, the EU seeks to help those most in need, when and where they need it most.
The 25 August 2020 marked the 3rd anniversary of the mass fleeing of over 740,000 Rohingya from Myanmar, following major outbreaks of violence in Rakhine State, Myanmar. Over 860,000 Rohingya refugees currently live in Bangladesh, and over 150,000 in other countries of the region, including Indonesia. The United Nations estimates that approximately 600,000 remaining Rohingya people in Myanmar's Rakhine continue to suffer from a protracted human rights crisis, with very limited access to basic services and viable livelihood opportunities due to strict movement restrictions and denied citizenship and rights.