1. What is the Schengen visa?
One visa for many European countries. Schengen is the name of a small town in Luxembourg, where a treaty on visa cooperation was signed. Currently 26 European countries – the “Schengen States” – share a common visa policy. The Schengen States are the following EU member states: Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden as well as the non-EU member states Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.
No border controls. Within the Schengen area, there are no checks at the borders between Schengen countries. A person with a Schengen Visa may travel freely to all of the 26 participating countries without the need to acquire individual visas.
If you are going to travel to a non-Schengen EU member state (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland, Romania or the UK), you need to contact the embassy of the particular country.
2. Do I need a visa to enter a Schengen State?
To find out if you need a visa to enter a Schengen State, you can consult the website of the EU Directorate General for Home Affairs here.
Myanmar citizens must be in possession of a valid visa when crossing the external borders of the Schengen area.
3. Three types of Schengen Visas
Short-stay visa (Type "C"): issued for one, two or several visits. Its period of validity varies. It allows stays which do not exceed three months over a six-month period.
- Transit visa (Type "B"): issued to persons who must transit through the territory of one or more Schengen States before continuing their journey to a third country. This visa may be issued for one, two or, in exceptional circumstances, several transits. The duration of each transit must not exceed five days.
- Airport transit visas (Type "A"): required for nationals of certain third countries who are flying to another third country but need to make a transfer in an airport of a Schengen State.
Non-EU member states use the same categories of visas.
3. Where can I get a Schengen Visa?
You can apply at any participating member state embassy in your region. If you plan visiting more than one country in Europe, you should contact the embassy of the country where you will spend most of the time. In case of doubt, you should apply for the Schengen Visa at the embassy of the country you will travel to first.
4. How do I apply for a Schengen Visa?
You can find the full list of required documents and the Schengen visa application form here.
You need in particular:
- A valid passport with at least two empty pages and an expiration date no less than 3 months after your planned departure from the Schengen area;
- A completed and signed visa application form;
- A recent identity photograph conform to ICAO standards;
- various documents relating to the purpose of your stay, evidence of means of support during your stay and your accommodation.
- a travel medical insurance covering emergency medical, hospitalisation and repatriation (including in case of death). The minimum cover should be of 30.000 EUR.
5. How much does it cost?
A typical short stay visa fee is EUR 60. There are however circumstances where this fee can be reduced or waived. No fees can be charged for third country nationals who are family members of an EU citizen who exercise their right of free movement. Fees are waived for children under six years of age, school pupils, post graduate students and accompanying teachers who undertake trips for the purpose of study or educational training, and for researchers carrying out specifically defined scientific research (Recommendation 2005/761/EC). More detailed information is available at the embassy of the destination of your choice.
You can find a listing of EU member state embassies and diplomatic missions in Myanmar here.
You can find answers to Frequently Asked Questions here.