An official website of the European Union. See all European Institutions
A programme of action to contribute to scaling up nutrition and WASH services with focus on the first 1,000-day window from conception to two years is being funded by the European Union with a total of € 22,200,000 assistance under “the 11th European Development Fund.
This program will aim at reaching 570,000 children under the age of two, with essential nutrition and WASH intervention to prevent chronic malnutrition.
The interventions and planned results are aligned, at a national level, with the Government of Mozambique’s Plano Quinquenal do Governo (PQG), the Multisectotral Action Plan for the Reduction of Chronic Undernutrition in Mozambique (PAMRDC), the National Rural Water and Sanitation Programme (PRONASAR), the Food Security and Nutrition Strategy (ESAN-II) for 2008-2015, the Health Sector Strategic Plan (PESS), the Health Promotion Strategy (2015-2019), the SBCC for Nutrition Strategy (2016-2019) and annual plans (PES).
“We are happy to support enhanced mobilization and political commitment for nutrition” said Geert ANCKAERT, Head of Department (Good Governance and Social Sectors), adding that the EU is also particularly engaged into scaling up the implementation of "essential" nutrition (specific and sensitive) interventions while supporting the necessary co-ordination and strategic planning functions for nutrition of the government.
Stunting, according to global and national evidence, undermine Mozambique’s economic development. Recent Cost of Hunger study showed that approximately 62 billion meticais (US $ 1.7 billion) were lost in 2015 as a result of child malnutrition. This is preventing the potential of young children to develop to their full potential and later on in life cost them and Mozambique a greater loss of productivity. Reversing stunting, unleashes our potential.
Mozambique has made progress with economic growth and the reduction of under-five mortality; however undernutrition rates remain high. Chronic undernutrition, reflected as stunting, is Mozambique’s most significant nutrition problem. The prevalence ranges from 50% in the Province of Nampula, 41% in Zambézia to 26% in the capital city of Maputo. Wasting prevalence is 7% and underweight is 21%.
“This generous contribution from the European Union will help government and partners provide improved nutrition and WASH services and interventions for children under five, pregnant and lactating women in Zambézia and Nampula”, UNICEF Representative in Mozambique Marcoluigi Corsi said.
For the duration of this programme, 2017-2021, UNICEF will work directly with the government at national, provincial, and district levels. This high level engagement, from the beginning, supports a long-term strategy of sustainability. Overall the programme will target the province of Nampula and Zambézia which concentrate the highest number of children with chronic malnutrition (45% of the all stunted children in Mozambique). Within these two provinces, seven districts have been selected (In Nampula: Monapo, Nacala Velha, Ribáuè; In Zambézia: Pebane, Molumbo, Gúruè and Lugela) based on the need for reducing child chronic malnutrition in the most deprived communities on the one hand, as well as the existing potential for building on and creating synergies with other nutrition sensitive interventions.
The targeted districts are varied in terms of size, demography, topography, coverage of social services and commitment toward addressing malnutrition therefore providing a wealth of information. This analysis had been used to highlight the clustering of the provinces into at least two distinct groups based on livelihood so that specific learning and strategies can be generated for each of the two groups. The grouping are as follows, Nacala Velha and Pebane for the coastal livelihood zone; Ribaue, Molumbo Monapo, Gúruè, Lugela for agriculturalists zone.
Further there has been a critical analysis of priority districts based of child deprivation, malnutrition rate, water and sanitation, agricultural and food dietary diversity, etc.