EU´s National indicative Programme for Mozambique (2014 - 2020) had two main focal sectors, namely, Good Governance & Development and Rural Development. Projects under these sectors are still under implementation.
Projects under the Good Governance and Development focal sector aim to secure overall support to national public policy and priorities, with emphasis on strengthening government systems, accountability and macroeconomic management as well as promoting an enabling environment for sound political and economic governance.
The Rural Development focal sector has two approaches: (i) supporting inclusive growth and (ii) poverty reduction in rural areas. EU interventions help to improve food security and nutrition, through increased production, access to food and to markets and, also, support enhanced rural competitiveness by fostering the conditions for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises to thrive. To achieve those goals, the EU has adopted an integrated approach to rural development, named PROMOVE, to be implemented particularly in Zambezia and Nampula. The programme has six components: Transport, Energy, Agribiz, Nutrition, Biodiversity and Trade.
PROMOVE Transport - € 124 Million
PROMOVE Transport focuseson the rehabilitation of rural roads in the provinces of Zambezia and Nampula. The programme has a strategic regional relevance (integration with Malawi and Zambia) and contributes to sustainable and inclusive economic growth through job creation and poverty reduction. Improvements to road conditions in the project areas enhanced the viability of local transport services with lower costs, and created a chain of other benefits related to agricultural inputs, greater rural competitiveness, and higher income generation for families. The example of such benefits is the EU-funded Milange – Mocuba 190km road, which last 110 km were inaugurated in 2019.
PROMOVE Energy - € 94 Million
PROMOVE Energy is a key component that specifically focus on rural energy services access. Mozambique's current energy access rate is amongst the lowest in the region, with 26% rate connection to the grid while the National Electrification Strategy aims to connect at least 50% of the population to the grid by 2030. This action is also a contribution towards the 2030 Agenda goal of securing universal access to affordable energy services by the populations and private sector operators across the country.
PROMOVE Agribiz - € 68 Million
Improving rural competitiveness in Nampula and Zambezia provinces
In Mozambique, subsistence agriculture often barely meets household food needs. Smallholder production is largely not competitive commercially and emerging farmers face multiple difficulties to operate. Given that agriculture in Nampula and Zambezia is characterized by small-scale farming, the focus of this project is on three areas:
(i) Increasing sustainable agriculture to enhance food and nutrition security, improve competitiveness of agricultural production and resilience to shocks.
(ii) Developing rural markets and value chain competitiveness with the aim of fostering economic diversification.
(iii) Community development for resilience.
PROMOVE Nutrition - € 30 Million
Underway since 2017, the 5-year PROMOVE Nutrition programme is a partnership with UNICEF, the National Health Institute and the SUN-Civil Society Network to address the high levels of stunting in Mozambique. Chronic malnutrition is at critical levels and stunting remains a key public health concern, primarily affecting infants, young children and women of reproductive age. PROMOVE Nutrition is addressing the above, at the same time strengthening local capacity in nutrition-related planing and policy implementation.
PROMOVE Biodiversity - € 13 Million
This component aims to protect the biodiversity and contribute to improving the livelihoods of rural communities through sustainable management of natural resources. The program will cover the areas known as Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas and adjacent coastal zones, the Gilé National Reserve and the Mabu Inselberg in the provinces of Nampula and Zambezia. These areas have been selected for they have been under pressure from local communities' action.
PROMOVE Trade - € 12 million
This is the only PROMOVE component with a national focus - it supports the implementation of trade facilitation measures and the improvement to the business environment by strengtghening government's reforms capacity within the framework of the World Trade Organization and Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and SADC.
EU and PALOP-TL Cooperation
The group PALOP-TL is formed by five Portuguese speaking African countries (PALOP), namely Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe, and also by Timor-Leste, which became the 6th member in 2007, thus PALOP - TL. EU cooperation with PALOP - TL promotes a "Governance Initiative" with focus on reinforcing democratic, social and economic governance. Two important areas covering the cultural and creative industries and economic governance, particularly on improving public financial management in the PALOP TL, have benefitted from a €26M fund agreed in March 2019 between the EU and PALOP-TL.