Good Governance and Development Sector
EU and Mozambique National indicative Programme (2014 - 2020) has two main focal sectors, namely, Good Governance and Development and Rural Development. Actions under this focal sector aim to provide overall support to national public policy and its priorities and its complementary actions, with emphasis on capacity strengthening of core government systems, domestic accountability and macroeconomic management. It also promotes an enabling environment to support political and economic governance.
Within the area of "Good Governance and Development", the European Union supports the consolidation of the rule of law, essential to consolidate the democracy. Specific support is given to key institutions as the Prosecutor's Office, the Supreme Court and Parliament. Activities for the Anti-corruption service are also reinforced.
Rural Development Sector
The Rural Development focal sector has a two-pronged approach to the support of inclusive growth and poverty reduction in rural areas. EU interventions help, on one hand, to improve food security and nutrition, through increased production, access to food and to markets through appropriate transport infrastructure. On the other hand, the EU supports enhanced rural competitiveness by fostering the conditions for sustainable growth of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises in rural areas.
The overall objective of the rural development sector is to foster sustainable, inclusive and broad-based economic growth and sustainably reduce poverty in two provinces, Nampula and Zambezia, through: a) improving food security and nutrition status and b) enhancing rural competitiveness.
In order to contribute towards these objectives, the EU Delegation to Mozambique has formulated an integrated approach to rural development, named PROMOVE, which components, except trade, are geographically concentrated in the provinces of Nampula and Zambezia in order to maximize synergies, economies of scale and impact.
The PROMOVE Programme
PROMOVE´s overall objective, under the rural development focal sector, is to foster sustainable, inclusive and broad-based economic growth and sustainably reduce poverty through: a) improving food security and nutrition status and b) enhancing rural competitiveness. The programme has six components of action, namely Transport, Energy, Agribiz, Nutrition, Biodiversity and Trade.
PROMOVE Transport - € 124 Million
PROMOVE Transport is part of the European Union's overall approach to rural development under the 11th EDF, and will focus, in particular, on the rehabilitation of rural roads in the provinces of Zambezia and Nampula. The programme has a strategic relevance to the regional and international integration (Malawi and Zambia) of Mozambique.
The overall objective is to contribute to sustainable, broad and inclusive economic growth through job creation and poverty reduction. Challenges related to food and nutrition security and climate change will receive special attention as a way of guaranteeing access to food and to public and social goods and services in rural areas.
Improvements to road conditions in the project areas enhance the viability of local transport services, leading to increased availability of transport and lowering transport costs and a chain of other benefits related to reduced costs of agricultural inputs, greater rural competitiveness, and higher income generation for families. The most recent example of such benefits is the Milange – Mocuba 190km road, funded by the European Union, which last 110 km were inaugurated in March 2019.
PROMOVE Energy - € 94 Million
PROMOVE Energy is a key component that specifically focus on rural energy services access and that is complementary with the €10.5 million mobilized already for the implementation of the energy Project Preparation Facility aimed to project development and enabling business environment.
Mozambique's Renewable Energy Atlas (2015) has proved that the country is endowed with an extraordinary mix of renewable energy sources. However, current energy access rate in the country is amongst the lowest in the region, with 26% rate connection to the grid. National Electrification Strategy aims to connect at least 50% of the population to the grid by 2030.
The action in this sector will contribute to boost progress toward the 2030 Agenda, in particular universal access to affordable energy services by the populations and private sector operators across the country and in particular in Zambézia and Nampula. A programme in two phases has been designed as follows:
Project Preparation Facility (PPF) to achieve and improve access to sustainable and affordable energy to population and private sector operators, particularly in rural areas, by an enabling environment towards leveraging investments. Projects supported by this Facility should feed financial instruments such as ElectriFI, the Africa Investment Facility (AfIF) or the European External Investment Plan. €10.5 million are earmarked for this first phase, which started in 2018.
Energy Services Access Programme (MESAP) - This refers to the second phase of the EU Access to Energy programme, a continuation to the energy Project Preparation Facility (PPF). MESAP aims to support direct investment on projects supported by the PPF first phase, but not limited to it, with the objective of increasing rural electrification. MESAP will consider direct investment on the development of mini-grids and stand-alone solar home systems projects.
Participation of the private sector through innovative financial instruments such as ElectriFi, the Africa Investment Facility (AfIF) or the new European External Investment Plan (EEIP) are key for the implementation.
PROMOVE Agribiz - € 68 Million
Improving rural competitiveness in Nampula and Zambezia provinces
In Mozambique, subsistence agriculture often barely meets household food needs. Smallholder production, with low agricultural productivity, is largely not competitive commercially. Emerging farmers face multiple difficulties to operate. For most crops productivity only reaches a fraction of its potential, which is estimated at around one third of the one in neighboring countries.
Under the Rural Development Focal Sector, geographic concentration in Nampula and Zambezia aims to cover a variety of agro-ecological zones with overall favorable production conditions extending over the two development corridors of Nacala and Zambeze valley. Agriculture in these provinces is characterized by small-scale farming.
Consequently, increasing rural competitiveness must combine the two sides: i) Improving food security and resilience and, ii) Supporting private sector/business development for economic diversification and inclusive growth. The wider focus will follow three intervention lines:
- Increasing sustainable agriculture development in view to enhancing food and nutrition security, produce marketable surplus for improved competitiveness of agricultural production, and resilience to shocks.
- Developing rural markets and improving value chain competitiveness with the aim of fostering economic diversification and the improved availability of services and goods.
- Community development for resilience in view of introducing behavioral changes, foster social cohesion and promoting gender equality.
Implementation started in 2019.
PROMOVE Nutrition - € 30 Million
Underway since 2017, the PROMOVE Nutrition 5-year programme is a partnership with UNICEF, the National Health Institute and the SUN-Civil Society Network, aiming to address the high levels of stunting in Mozambique.
In Mozambique, the rate of chronic malnutrition (stunting) is considered to be at critical and stagnating levels (43% in 2013). Stunting is widely prevalent and remains a key public health concern, primarily affecting infants, young children and women of reproductive age. This nutrition component contributes for the coordination and strategic planning for nutrition while scaling up the implementation of nutrition-specific interventions included in the government´s Multi-sector Action Plan for the Reduction of Chronic Undernutrition 2011-2015 (PAMRDC 2020) .
The action under PROMOVE Nutrition entails support to the "nutrition governance system" at both central and local levels; secondly, the action will scale up the delivery of specific components of the provincial PAMRDC plans, also covering water-sanitation-hygiene (WASH) interventions - the "essential nutrition package" has a specific focus upon young children and pregnant and lactating women; and finally, the action will strengthen the capacity of government and key stakeholders on multi-sector nutrition information management systems to guide the planning and decision making on nutrition interventions.
PROMOVE Biodiversity - € 13 Million
Nampula and Zambezia provinces are the most populated in the country, therefore, dependency of poor rural and urban populations on natural resources for livelihood represents a major concern for biodiversity conservation.
The overall objective of this component is to protect the biodiversity and contribute to improving the livelihoods of rural communities through sustainable management of natural resources. The program will cover the area known as Ilhas Primeiras e Segundas and adjacent coastal zones, the Gilé National Reserve and the Mabu Inselberg in the provinces of Nampula and Zambezia. These areas have been selected for their resources are under pressure from local communities' action. The intervention logic of the project will be around four main Result Areas:
1) Institutional capacity;
2) Activities related to community based biodiversity;
3) Sustainable management of natural resources; and
4) Applied research to natural resources management
The EU Delegation to Mozambique undertook studies in the field in order to identify areas for intervention.
PROMOVE Trade - € 12 million
This is the only project among the six components with a national focus. It aims to support the implementation of trade facilitation measures and the improvement to the business environment by strengthening the government's capacity to implement reforms within the framework of the World Trade Organization and Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the EU and SADC.
In this context, issues such as Technical Barriers to trade will be addressed by supporting the expansion of quality infrastructure services for value chains and strengthening the capacity of the private sector in relation to EPA opportunities.
PALOP-TL and European Union Cooperation Programme
The five Portuguese speaking African countries (PALOP), namely Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and São Tomé and Príncipe, began cooperating mid- 1970s, after their independences. In 1985, these countries joined the Africa Caribbean Pacific (ACP) Group and the first EU-PALOP regional cooperation programme started in 1992. In 2007, Timor-Leste joined as the sixth member and PALOP was then renamed PALOP and Timor-Leste (PALOP-TL).
The still on-going 10th EDF PALOP-TL Cooperation programme promotes a "Governance Initiative" with an allocation of €33.1M to reinforce democratic, social and economic governance through the implementation of 7 projects on electoral assistance, private sector support, rule of law, public services, the establishment of the Macroeconomic and Financial Management Institute in Luanda, as well as the support to the PALOP-TL coordination mechanism and a Technical Cooperation Facility to support the identification and implementation of actions.
Two important areas covering the cultural and creative industries and economic governance, particularly on improving public financial management in the PALOP TL have benefitted from a €26M fund agreed in March 2019 between the EU and PALOP-TL.
The PALOP-TL/EU programme turned 25 years in 2017 and to mark the date, a short-movie competition took place and six selected young movie directors from each of the PALOP-TL countries received funding to produce short-movies and participated in an arts residency in Maputo.The movies were presented in international cinema festivals in Africa and Europe. Since 1992 a total of 23 projects have been financed under diffferent EDFs.
Facebook link: Concurso Curtas PALOP-TL 25 Anos