The EU's relations with Burkina Faso date back to 1959. Burkina Faso is a key strategic partner for the EU in a region marked for several years now by increased illegal trafficking and terrorism in neighbouring countries and by regional stability in need of strengthening. As a result, much attention is focused on strengthening relations between the EU and Burkina Faso, and regionally with the West African area — West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) and Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). The EU therefore plays an active role in international and regional political action such as the GISAT-BF (International Follow-up and Support Group for the Transition in Burkina Faso), the G5 Sahel in the area of fighting terrorism in the West African region, etc.
The EU and its countries actively support Burkina Faso and follow its political, economic and social progress with interest, so that they can assist the country in its overall development, and also be in a position to anticipate potential crisis situations, as was the case in 2014 (popular uprising). The EU is also present during crisis situations, as in 2015 (failed coup of 15 September) and 2016 (terrorist attacks in January 2016). In such cases, the EU and its countries work towards helping the country get back to a normal situation. The EU actively supported the transition period, the electoral process in 2015 and 2016 (this support taking the form of different activities), etc.
They are backed by regular political dialogue, as provided for in Article 8 of the Cotonou ACP-EU Partnership Agreement. This political dialogue addresses the different aspects of development, including policies on peace-building, security, conflict prevention and resolution, regional cooperation, respect for human rights, democratic principles based on the rule of law and open and responsible management of public affairs, etc. Since 2009, this political dialogue has taken place twice a year in Burkina Faso, and brings together the government of Burkina Faso and the EU's diplomatic heads of mission.
A major part of the EU funding is allocated to governance in support of the Strategy for Accelerated Growth and Sustainable Development (SCADD) for Burkina Faso, the promotion of good governance in its different aspects, the rule of law, and democratic, financial and local governance.