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Montenegro made some progress on human rights in 2017 in particular in the area of anti-discrimination with the adoption of amendments to the Law on the prohibition of discrimination adopted in June 2017. However, implementation of legislation related to human rights remains weak and institutional capacity on this issue needs to be increased. The Roma minority is the most vulnerable and most discriminated against community. Gender-based violence and violence against children remains also represent serious concerns in the country. In the area of freedom of expression, there has been no progress regarding investigations into old cases of violence against journalists. Political interferences regarding the governing bodies of the national public broadcaster RTCG and the Agency for Electronic Media are a matter of concern.
In the course of 2017, three projects (worth approximately EUR 2.5 million) under the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA) were implemented in the area of human rights, including for sustainable solutions for the internally displaced Roma population, promotion and protection of the human rights of Roma, Egyptians and other vulnerable groups, gender equality, support for the Ombudsman’s office, the Ministry of Human and Minority Rights and the Ministry of Justice (Prison Administration) on the application of human rights standards. In the framework of the IPA Human Resources Development Operational Programme nine grant projects totalling EUR 0.75 million were selected in 2017 for providing trainings and employment opportunities to people with disabilities and to the Roma and Egyptian Population.
In addition, within the IPA Civil Society Facility, EUR 300,000 were allocated in 2017 for a project related to anti-discrimination policies.
The implementation of four out of six projects under the European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR) (Country-Based Support Scheme) with a total value of EUR 700 000 continued in 2017. These covered the human rights of LGBTI persons, the political participation of Roma (establishment of the first trade union composed of Roma workers), consumer protection and patients’ rights, increasing trust in elections, combating gender-based violence. Six new projects under EIDHR (Country Based Support Scheme) were contracted in December 2017 with a total value of 760,000 EUR. The topics range from the rights of people with disabilities, social housing, right to access information, LGBTI rights, to building trust in the integrity of the electoral process, and education about human rights of both student and the general public.
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