Total Cost (EUR): 891 412.00
EU contracted amount (EUR): 713 129.00
Duration: January 2013 - May 2016
Implementing organisation: CLOVEK V TISNI OPS
Benefitting zone: Asia
An action implemented by People in Need, Czech NGO
Tuvshinbayar, Sukhbaatar District, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Mongolia had some 45.1 million livestock including 20 million sheep at the time the project was launched in 2013. The country used to see as much as 51% of its raw sheep's wool flowing into China without a single tugrik value added to it. Revival of the domestic agro-processing industry, specifically the primary processing sector, and the diversification of final products from locally available raw materials, were the reason to ban the exports of unprocessed agricultural raw materials.
Through the 'Turning Sheep's Wool into Environmentally Friendly Building Material – Integrated Approach for Supply Chain Development' Project funded by EU, Tuvshinbayar’s house was selected and insulated using sheep's wool based thermal insulation.
Tuvshinbayar’s house in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia's capital city, an old non-insulated dwelling that has a low energy performance, was selected as a demonstration of how the energy performance of a building can be increased by using sheep's wool based thermal insulation for various applications in the building: external walls and roof ceiling.
Tuvshinbayar lives in a small basic house of 6x4m with a coal-fired stove for heating and cooking. He lives with his dad, wife and two kids. He works as a taxi driver and his father works as a part-time parking coordinator to meet the basic needs of their family. They burn 6-8 tons of raw fossil fuel during winter from October to April and spend about 20% of their total household income on purchasing coal.
His house was selected and insulated using sheep's wool-based thermal insulation. By proper application of sheep's wool-based thermal insulation, the heat loss through the building envelope reduced by 4 times, and coal use by 60% with significant contribution to reduction of CO2, according to energy audits. The positive effects of sheep's wool building insulation have been demonstrated by improved energy efficiency (less firing of coals) and reduced heating costs.
Given the fact that Mongolia is heavily reliant on coal for its energy supply, coal is also used as the main heating fuel for building in urban centers. Therefore, fossil fuel combustion is the largest source of CO2 emissions in Mongolia, accounting for about 60% of all emissions, placing the country amongst the most greenhouse gas intensive economies in the world (UNFCC).
“I needed to get up very early in the morning to fire the coal to heat the house. My wife needed to remove the ashes from the stove and add more coal to the fire for 3 times during the day. Now, after insulating my house with sheep's wool–based thermal insulation, she needs to remove the ashes and add coal to the fire only for one time during the day. It is better for her and gives her more time to take care of the kids. Also, the coal-stove produces less smoke. We spend less money on buying coal and wood. Most importantly, my home is warm and comfortable. I am happy to explain to visitors that we used sheep's wool-based thermal insulation made in Mongolia”.
FACTS AND FIGURES