The Constitution of Kenya (2010) has provided the opportunity for resources to be transferred to a new level of government at the grassroots.
While devolution has created a new reform space for more responsive, equitable, efficient and accountable local service delivery, converting this into actual transformation at the grassroots will depend on the quality of county institutions charged with this responsibility.
Since devolution entails the simultaneous transfer of power and resources to an entire new level of government, counties face unique challenges that demand innovative solutions. The EU is therefore working with the Government of Kenya to promote transparency and accountability in the management of county public finances. Sound economic and political governance will allow the residents of all counties to reap the benefits that devolution promises to bring to the people.
The EU is also supporting the country towards the modernisation its energy infrastructure with a special focus on development of renewable, affordable and reliable energy sources. This support is also targeting access to energy in rural areas in Kenya in order to increase the economic and social development of communities, households, and to spur the creation and growth of energy-based and reliant small enterprises.
Through this support and partnership, the Government of Kenya will be able to achieve its aspirations in poverty reduction and accelerated and inclusive economic growth through more sustainable and efficient energy and transport infrastructure.
Employment creation, particularly among youth, is one of the top priorities of the Government of Kenyan. In addition, Vision 2030 through the Third Medium Term Plan (MTP III), highlights the need for institutional and economic reforms to accelerate growth for job creation, notably in the informal sector. The government is committed to create more new jobs annually to address the pressing problem of youth unemployment.
It is in line with these efforts that the EU will seek to promote growth and employment through identification of opportunities in sectors with great employment potential, such as agriculture and agri-business; sustainable housing; sustainable infrastructure; and the manufacturing sector.
These sectors are the backbone of the government’s Big Four agenda and contribute directly to the Vision 2030 goals of creating social-economic transformation, increasing job creation and improving quality of life for all Kenyans.
By aligning it support to these efforts, the EU’s work within the counties is seeking to improve the social and economic opportunities for youth in all counties.
Agriculture is the bedrock of Kenya’s economy and contributes to a large percentage of Kenya’s GDP. It is also the source of livelihood for a majority of Kenya’s population.
The EU in partnership with the government of Kenya are working towards more climate-resilient agricultural production and enhanced adaptation to climate change while following a low-carbon development pathway in light of the fact that Kenya’s agriculture is mostly rain-fed.
Specific EU investments will go towards improved food security at national and county level. This will be with the view to achieve sustainable drought management; increased food security and nutrition; livelihood diversification and value chains; and research and adoption of climate-smart agriculture.
The EU provides funding for a broad range of projects and programmes covering areas such as: regional & urban development; employment & social inclusion; agriculture & rural development; maritime & fisheries policies; research & innovation; humanitarian aid.
Funding is managed according to strict rules to ensure there is tight control over how funds are used and that the money is spent in a transparent, accountable manner.
In Kenya over 80% of the EU budget is managed in partnership with national and regional authorities through a system of “joint management”, largely through the European Development Fund implemented through the EU-GoK Country Strategy Paper.
Other funds are managed directly by the EU. These are provided in the form of:
Young people may access two main types of funding:
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES: SUPPORT TO DROUGHT MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION - €30M
Grants to support Pillar 5 and 6 for Drought Risk Management, and Institutional Development and Knowledge Management
Arid counties: Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo,Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana and Wajir. Wajir Semi-arid counties: Embu, Kilifi, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui, Kajiado and West Pokot.
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (NDMA)
KENYA RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME - €84M
The general objective of the Kenya Rural Development Programme will be to contribute to improved food security in Kenya. The project purpose is to increase productivity and efficiency of food systems in Kenya.
Programme estimate 4 – ASAL drought management €4.5M
ASAL Drought Management Arid counties: Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana and Wajir. Semi-arid counties: Embu, Kilifi, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui, Kajiado and West Pokot.
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (NDMA)
ASAL Drought Contingency Fund Project €10M
Arid counties: Baringo, Garissa, Isiolo, Mandera, Marsabit, Samburu, Tana River, Turkana and Wajir. Semi-arid counties: Embu, Kilifi, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Taita Taveta, Tharaka Nithi, Kitui, Kajiado and West
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES: SUPPORT TO RESILIENT LIVELIHOODS AND DROUGHT RISK MANAGEMENT (AAP 2017) - €37.5M
The overall objective is that communities in ASAL areas of Kenya are more resilient to drought and other effects of climate change, through improved food and nutrition security and sustained livelihoods contributing to enhanced peace and stability.
Component 1: West Pokot, Baringo, Isiolo and Tana River
Implementing Partner: National Drought Management Authority (tbc)
Component 2: 23 ASAL Counties (Baringo, Embu, Garissa, Isiolo, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kitui, Kwale, Laikipia, Lamu, Makueni, Mandera, Marsabit, Meru, Narok, Nyeri, Samburu, Taita Taveta, Tana River, Tharaka Nithi, Turkana, Wajir, West Pokot
Implementing Partners: Call for proposals
INSTRUMENTS FOR DEVOLUTION ADVICE AND SUPPORT (IDEAS) - €28.6M
IDEAS – Capacity building
Implementing Partner: Ministry of Devolution and Planning (MoDP)
Grant to each County: €1M
Recipient Counties: Baringo, Kisii, Kisumu, Kwale, Laikipia, Makueni, Marsabit, Migori, Nyandarua, Samburu, Taita Taveta, Tana River, Uasin Gishu, Wajir, West Pokot
Implementing Partners: Counties
STRENGTHENING THE CAPACITIES OF STATE AND NON-STATE ACTORS FOR EFFECTIVE DEVOLVED GORVERNANCE €0.5M
Counties: Kilifi, Mombasa, Tana River, Machakos, Makueni, Kitui, Nakuru, Baringo, West Pokot, Elgeyo Marakwet
Implementing Partners: KONRAD-ADENAUER-STIFTUNG EV
SUPPORT TO THE AGRICULTURE SECTOR TRANSFORMATION PROCESS AND TO DECENTRALISED LAND GOVERNANCE €16M
Support to the attainment of Vision 2030 through devolved land reforms in community lands of Kenya €10M
Counties: Tana River, West Pokot, Turkana, Baringo, Marsabit, Samburu, Nandi and Laikipia
Implementing Partner: THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO)
PILOTING THE USE OF PARTICIPATORY RANGELAND MANAGEMENT(PRM) IN TANZANIA AND KENYA - €1.5M
Implementing partner: International Fund for Agricultural Development
ENDING DROUGHT EMERGENCIES: CLIMATE PROOFED INFRASTRUCTURES FOR IMPROVED WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION IN ASAL - €20M
Location: Baringo, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kitui, Mandera, Samburu, Taita-Taveta, and West Pokot Counties
Implementing Partner: Water Sector Trust Fund Registered Trustees