02/02/2021 - 16:45
The situation in the Arctic has changed dramatically in recent years, so much so that last year saw temperatures of up to 38 degrees in some Arctic regions. The ice is melting and permafrost is thawing at extraordinary speed. High temperatures have also brought wild fires, and thawing permafrost is causing infrastructure to crumble, most likely causing the diesel spill in Siberia last Summer. Melting sea ice has also opened up potential new sea routes however, and eased potential access to oil and gas reserves. This in turn has increased geopolitical interest in the Arctic.