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Remarks by the EU Ambassador, Aad BIESEBROEK, Regional Caribbean Workshop to Promote Universality and Implementation of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention and Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1540 (2004)
Parliament of Trinidad and Tobago
Monday 29th April, 2019.
The Honourable Senator Christine Kangaloo, President of the Senate of Trinidad and Tobago
Honourable Members of Parliament
H.E. Ms. Carla Hogan Rufelds, High Commissioner of Canada
H.E. Mr. Tim Stew, High Commissioner of the United Kingdom
Excellences, ladies and gentlemen,
I am pleased to welcome you to today's workshop and say a few words on the new EU Council Decision in support of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, which was adopted by EU Ministers in January.
The EU has three policy objectives: To work towards the bans on biological and chemical weapons being declared universally binding rules of international law; To pursue an international agreement on the prohibition of the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices; And to assist third countries in the fulfilment of their obligations under multilateral conventions and regimes.
Particular emphasis is placed on a policy of reinforcing compliance with the multilateral treaty regime; make use of and seek improvements to existing verification mechanisms and systems; strengthening export control policies and practices within its borders and beyond, in coordination with partners; and promote further consideration of security assurances.
Since 2006, the EU has provided dedicated funding to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Implementation Support Unit. The EU has supported legislative assistance, bio risk management, and export control in third countries. The ISU has developed an electronic facility increasing the rate of annual submissions of Confidence-Building Measures by States Parties. More than 30 workshops have being organized in different parts of the world to promote universalization, national implementation, and submission of Confidence-Building Measures. 27 new States have acceded to the Convention.
Other EU instruments include the EU Chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear Centres of Excellence Initiative that provides assistance to more than 60 countries in 8 regions to mitigate chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear risks, with the budget of 250 million Euros for 2010-20.
EU funding has been used for example for organizing regional workshops as well for providing expert assistance in strengthening national legislation, improving biosecurity in laboratories and planning emergency response to possible bio threats.
On Monday, 18 March, the EU Delegation to the UN in Geneva, together with the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs, organised a launch event for the new EU Council Decision in support of the Convention that was adopted by EU Ministers in January 2019.
At the opening of the event, my colleague Ambassador Walter Stevens, Head of the EU Delegation to the UN in Geneva, stated the following: "The threat of proliferation of biological and toxin weapons remains real in light of rapid advancements in life sciences. We must remain vigilant and ensure that our governance structures – legislation, administration, judicial systems, law enforcement – are up to date to minimize the risk of malicious use of pathogens or toxins and that we are well prepared and in a position to respond quickly to the challenges when needed."
Examples of some of the projects to be supported include:
Ambassador Stevens also indicated that "This is essentially a national responsibility, but international cooperation and assistance can play a useful role in building the necessary capacities for national implementation of the Convention."
Ladies and gentlemen,
I do hope that the EU-funded assistance activities are making a difference on the ground and will be helping countries to develop their capacities against the threat of proliferation of biological weapons by States or non-States actors.
I also hope that this workshop will persuade all CARICOM member states to ratify and implement this Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention within their domestic law.
Concluding, I wish to thank Parliamentarians for Global Action and Canada for organising the workshop, the speakers for sharing their knowledge and experience and I extend my best wishes for a productive workshop.