EU cooperation with Cuba is covered by the Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI). Development cooperation resumed in 2008, and in the first period until 2014, the European Commission committed around €90 million in the fields of food security, hurricane response and disaster preparedness, environment, climate change and energy, culture and heritage, support to economic and social modernization as well as management capacities.
A further €50 million have been allocated for the period 2014-2020 to support the development of the country on three sectors: sustainable agriculture and food security, environment and support for a better use of key natural resources for sustainable development, as well as support to sustainable economic and social modernisation. The selected sectors respond to the national priorities identified in the "Cuban Guidelines for economic and social policy", which aim to promote reforms in the country.
In addition, the EU allocated another €5 million for the same period for social projects to support vulnerable populaton groups and cultural projects implemented by civil society organisations or local authorities.
Cuba also benefits from EU regional programmes in Latin America, covering a wide range of topics, for example supporting the internationalisation of Cuban SMEs, supporting cooperation on drugs policies or facilitating climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. Other programmes address urban local development, the water sector, higher education cooperation and facilitating education mobility and capacity building in academic institutions, e.g. through Erasmus +.
With the start of provisional application of the EU-Cuba PDCA on 1 November 2017, the EU will sign its first agreement with the Cuban authorities setting the framework for the implementation of a bilateral project in the area of renewable energies with implementation done through international organisations or civil society organisations.