The EU is one of the main development actors promoting initiatives that protect the environment, the sustainable management of Indonesia's rich rainforests and the fight against climate change.
In 2015, at the Paris climate conference (COP21), Indonesia committed to reducing emissions by 29 % by 2030 as compared to the 'business as usual' scenario. Protecting the environment and addressing global climate change have become central in EU-Indonesia development cooperation activities. Both parties recognise that reducing greenhouse gas emissions is key to countering global warming.
In 2013, the EU and Indonesia signed a Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) to improve forest governance and promote trade in legal timber from Indonesia to the EU. Indonesia, with the help of civil society, initiated and developed a system giving its timber access to the European market.
Elsewhere, the EU's Forest Law Enforcement Governance and Trade (FLEGT) Action Plan has helped enable Indonesia to develop one of the most advanced Timber Legality Assurance Systems in the world (the SVLK or Sistem Verifikasi Legalitas Kayu).
The EU also supports Indonesia’s national climate change response via a €15 million Climate Change programme, notably supporting the Aceh and Papua provinces in their efforts towards low-emission development planning.
A change to sustainable consumption and production is supported by the EU and Indonesia. To encourage this, the EU has been implementing the SWITCH-Asia programme in 16 Asian countries, including Indonesia, since 2007.