EU projects in Ghana, covering areas such as governance and education, water and energy, human rights and security.
In Ghana, cashew-a non-traditional export crop has become a major foreign exchange earner for the country. Predominantly, resource-poor smallholder farmers carry out cashew production in Ghana. Within the agricultural sector, cashew presents huge opportunities for employment and income generation for thousands of people in the transition and northern savannah vegetation zones. Quarcoo (2017) estimated that cashew generated US$ 244 million for the Government of Ghana from a total export of 163,000 MT in 2016. Cashew is one of the crops selected for the Government’s flagship programmes, planting for Export and Rural Development (PERD).
The project seeks to capacitate the youth, women and PWDs in the Asutifi North District (ANDA), who have been rendered jobless, to operate their own enterprises. ANDA has a population of 62,453.33.95 percentage are youth, and 51% are women. 1,200 of the population are Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). Unemployment is high among the youth, women and PWDs. The situation worsened when the Newmont Gold Mining Company acquired over 2,992 hectares of their farmlands for commercial mining purposes. 77.4% of the population who are farmers lost their vocation. They do not have the needed qualification to work in the mining company. Most of the youth have only basic education qualification. Poverty is high in the district, and more youth migrate into the cities for jobs.
The paradox of the former Brong Ahafo Region (BAR) is that the region has many resources, but it lacks trainings, value chains and especially good and green economic activities. The project is trying to create an efficient mechanism of engagement between Civil Society Organisations (CSOs), and Local Authorities (LAs) aiming to promote a sustainable development spread in the region. The approach chosen is to build up a TVET system with tools to insert the students in the labour market paying attention to the environment.
Majority (79%) of households in the Brong Ahafo Region are engaged in agricultural activities. However, youth unemployment and migration remain high. The need to create employment for women and youth is critical and a priority of the Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs). However, women and youth entrepreneurs face several challenges including; limited access to business information, lack of knowledge and skills, access to finance, challenge of legal framework, business registration, and lack of markets for their products and services.
many challenges including shortage in spawn production; the distance from the spawn laboratory and absence of critical equipment such as humidifiers, solar dyers etc. hindered large scale production. It was in this light that AdMA, CLGA and LoGNet, came together, funded by the European Union, to implement the PROMUSH project. It is a three (3) year Local Economic Development Project leveraged on mushroom value chain to create employment opportunities for women, youth and Person’s Living with Disabilities (PWDs), developing environmentally sustainable production chain in the mushroom industry and reducing poverty within the Adentan Municipality.