The relations between the EU and Central Asia have developed further since the European Council adopted The EU and Central Asia: Strategy for a New Partnership in June 2007. This strategy has strengthened ties in all areas through political dialogue, dialogues on human rights and cooperation programmes. The EU in its 2018 Council Conclusions invited the High Representative and the Commission to come forward with a proposal for a new Strategy in accordance with the EU Global Strategy, taking stock of the achievements of EU action in support of Central Asia since the adoption of the strategy. The new EU Strategy on Central Asia, which was adopted by the Commission on 15 May 2019 and the Foreign Affairs Council on 17 June 2019 updates the first EU strategy on Central Asia of 2007, reflecting the new dynamics that have developed in the region in recent years, the new momentum in regional cooperation, and the fast development of initiatives aiming to connect Europe and Asia across the region.
Bilateral relations between Turkmenistan and the European Union are governed by an Interim Trade Agreement (1998), pending ratification of a Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) by the European Parliament.
Within the framework of this Agreement, the EU and Turkmenistan hold annual meetings of a bilateral Joint Committee to discuss key aspects of bilateral relations, notably in: (i) trade and economy; (ii) the EU-Central Asia Strategy implementation; (iii) political and economic developments; (iv) and key aspects of EU development cooperation programs. Eighteen meetings of a Joint Committee have been organized so far, most recently in Brussels on 26th February 2019.
First preparatory meeting of an ad-hoc Working Group on Education and Culture was held in Ashgabat on 26 April 2017.
Relations between the European Parliament and Majlis of Turkmenistan are conducted through the mechanism of Inter-Parliamentary Meetings; the most recent 4th EU-Turkmenistan Inter-Parliamentary Meeting was held in Ashgabat on 19-20 April 2017.