Relations between Peru and the European Union (EU) are developed under the 2003 Political Dialogue and Cooperation Agreement, which establishes relations between the EU and the Andean Community (CAN), composed of Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
The agreement has helped strengthen political ties and has expanded the scope of cooperation into areas such as human rights, conflict prevention, migration, the fight against drugs, terrorism and, especially, the regional integration process of the CAN.
In recent years, the EU and Peru have promoted links also on a bilateral level because of their shared ambition to strengthen and expand their political relations.
The EU and Peru hold a High Level Political Dialogue (HLPD) on an annual basis where they discuss political affairs, cooperation in multilateral fora, migration, drugs, regional development and cross border cooperation, academic and scientific cooperation, consular cooperation and other topics of mutual concern. Last HLDP took place in Lima in February 2017.
Moreover, the EU deployed EU Electoral Observation Mission (EOM) to observe the first and second round of the 2016 presidential elections, after an invitation from the Peruvian government and the electoral authorities. The EOM issued a final report that was supplied to the electoral authorities and to members-elect of Congress and of the Andean Parliament. After the EOM a Follow-up Mission took place in October 2017 with its report published in January 2018.