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The European Union (EU) today is an area of stability, democracy and human rights. As the world's largest trading block and the largest donor of humanitarian and development assistance, the EU works with its international partners on global issues and challenges. The Delegation of the European Union in Eritrea is one of 139 Delegations around the globe, which represent the Union’s foreign, trade and security policy, and work as the eyes and ears of the Union and its mouthpiece vis-à-vis the authorities and the general population.
Eritrea is one of 54 countries where the Delegation of the European Union also is the permanent representation of the EU Council Presidency.
Apart from its functions as the representation of the Union, the EU Delegation is also responsible for the coordination of the European Union’s Development cooperation.
The delegations of the External Service serve European Union interests as a whole, in so far as they are concerned with:
This means that the delegations exercise powers, conferred by the Treaty on the European Union, in third countries and at five centres of international organisations (OECD, OSCE, UN, WTO, FAO), by promoting the Union’s interests as embodied in the common policies, notably the common trade policy, but also many others, including the development, agricultural, fisheries, environmental, transport and health and safety policies. It also means involvement in areas such as justice and home affairs, in which the European Union does not have exclusive powers.
Eritrea is a country with a complex and turbulent history, with a determined, creative and resilient people, proud of its achievements and enjoying a rare social harmony among its diverse communities. But it is also a country still struggling to overcome the legacy of a long and devastating liberation war and of the disruptive border conflict with Ethiopia, which has not only caused immense human suffering in both countries but also required an economic and commercial reorientation of Eritrea.
The relationship which the EU has developed with Eritrea since the country’s independency tries to look beyond the stereotypes and to work towards common long-term interests, based on mutual understanding and in a spirit of partnership.
The European Union strives to contribute to Eritrea’s social and economic development, to help its people face the challenges of drought and desertification, as well as to support the government’s decision to shift from costly and polluting hydrocarbon-based electricity production to renewable sources of energy such as solar, wind, and geothermal, which is in line with the EU’s global climate change policy.
The EU has also consistently advocated for peaceful and mutually beneficial neighbourly relations based on international law in the entire Horn of Africa.
Nicole Miller - Chargé d'Affaires