Delegation of the European Union to El Salvador and to the Central American Integration System (SICA)

Technical Assistance for a More Practice Oriented Vocational and Technical Education in Lebanon

13/10/2020 - 15:00
Education and Research

The project aims to improve the quality, relevance and responsiveness of the public Lebanese Vocational and Technical Education system to the needs of the labour market.


Budget: € 4,249,300
Location: Lebanon
Date of project: February 2017 - May 2021
Implementing Partner: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH / GIZ International Services 

Lebanon is a small middle-income country, with an open and largely service-oriented economy that has a long-standing and strong commercial tradition. Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the dominant form of business organization, particularly micro and small enterprises. There is also a large informal sector in the country.

Recent years have seen the proliferation of new challenges, as Lebanon is undergoing a deep political and social transformation. Meanwhile, the economy continues to shrink and employment is suffering tremendously. The Lebanese labour market is traditionally characterized by a low employment rate, large informal market, high youth unemployment and a high influx of foreign workers as well as Syrian refugees.

In the context of a stumbling economy associated with growing skills shortages and a young population seeking employment opportunities, great pressure is put on the Lebanese Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) system. The VTE system is asked not only to deliver more skills, but also to provide different skills sets based on the changing needs of the economy. Furthermore, the anticipation of the needs of the labour market through the Lebanese VTE system is rather minor. Training providers are predominantly supply-led and vocational offers do not provide adequate practical skills for employability. As a result, the private sector finds it difficult to recruit skilled young professionals, and only plays a minor role in their training.


  • Improve the quality, relevance and responsiveness of the public Lebanese Vocational and Technical Education (VTE) system to the needs of the labour market
  • Promote and strengthen planning, coordination and implementation for a more practice-oriented VTE in Lebanon


  • Students enrolled in VTE public schools
  • Young adults who are seeking employment
  • The General Directorate of Vocational and Technical Education (DGVTE) staff
  • Lebanese companies in search of qualified labour
  • Public schools offering technical baccalaureate (BT) in the construction sector (Bâtiment et Travaux Publics)


  • Activities to promote and implement practice oriented VTE
  • Development of curricula in a variety of technical occupations, mainly in the construction sector with employer participation (comprising occupation, qualification, training and assessment standards)
  • Training of technical teachers carried out by professional trainers from the labour market
  • Introduction of practical and competence-based short courses in technical schools and institutes all over Lebanon
  • Implementation of professional assessment to graduates by third-party
  • Networking with employers to provide work-based learning opportunities to graduates
  • Modernisation of the educational program of technical baccalaureate (BT) in the construction sector "Bâtiment et Travaux Publics" in public schools
  • Establishment of Guidance Employment Office (GEOs)
  • Provision of technical support to the schools for the establishment of School Advisory Boards (SAB) to link technical education with the labour market


  • Introduction of a system of long and short-term modular training in the Lebanese VTE system
  • Raised awareness on practice-oriented learning models
  • Consolidation of the quality of practice-oriented learning models
  • Improvement of information base for planning, costing and management of VTE
  • Improved planning and coordination capacities in the VTE sub-sector
  • Introduction of pilots of practice-oriented learning models in the Lebanese VTE system

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