The European Union Delegation to Egypt

Enhancing Access of Children to Education and Fighting Child Labour

24/08/2016 - 14:34
Education and Research

A project funded by the European Union (EU) and implemented by the World Food Programme (WFP) over the course of four years (2014-2018), to which the EU brought a grant of €59.5 million.

Context of the project:


The “Enhancing Access of Children to Education and Fighting Child Labour” project targets 16 of the most vulnerable governorates in Egypt and seeks to combat child labour, provide incentives for enrolment and attendance as well as enhance access to quality education, especially girls.

The project targets school children, mostly girls, by providing school meals in the form of locally produced date bars that cover 25 percent of their daily nutritious needs and encourages regular school attendance. Additionally, conditional incentives are provided in the form of monthly take-home entitlements of 10 kg of rice and 1 litre of oil /or the equivalent in form of cash transfers to families of children whose school attendance reached 80 percent or more.

Under the cash transfer component (currently 20 percent of total target) the project targets beneficiaries through the e-voucher modality, which provides families with electronic cards to purchase a more diverse food basket from local retailers.

The project also supports mothers to start income generating activities and facilitates access to revolving loans. This generates income and promotes household food security, thereby reducing dependency on negative coping strategies, such as child labour.  

To create an efficient learning and teaching environment, the project supports the physical upgrading of selected community schools and trains teachers on active learning methodologies to improve their teaching capacities and to help reduce dropout rates.

In addition, the project supports the child labour policy dialogue between the  National Council on Childhood and Motherhood (NCCM), Ministry of Education (MoE), Ministry of Manpower and Migration (MoMM), the ILO and UNICEF on issues related to working conditions, employment and social policy.


The overall objective of the project is to enhance children’s access to quality education and to fight child labour. The three main expected results of the Project are:

  • Result I: Increased number of children exposed to child labour who attend classes.

  • Result II: Reduced dependence of poor households (especially female-headed) on child labour.

  • Result III: Improved legal framework on child labour as well as its enforcement and monitoring at local level.


The Project has enabled overall:

  • An increase in the annual enrolment rate in the targeted community schools by 3% (for both boys and girls).

  • An increase in the attendance rate in the targeted community schools to 90% (for both boys and girls), which is above the Project target of 80%.

An increase in the retention rate in targeted community schools to 95% (96 % for boys and 95 % for girls), which is above the Project target of 85%.


More specifically, the project has:

  • Provided 110,000 children in community schools in 16 governorates throughout Egypt with school meals, and 613,500 family members with take-home entitlements (THE) in the form of food (rice and oil) or cash-based transfers (CBT).

  • Been extended in scope to cover 1.87 million children in Egyptian public schools in 5 governorates.

  • Physically upgraded 504 community schools, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education’s relevant Directorates.

  • Trained over 7,200 teachers on class management, active learning, child protection and nutrition.

  • Trained over 130 labour inspectors, more than 70 NGO staff members and held awareness seminars attended by 2,600 community members across 16 governorates to monitor and combat child labour.

Trained over 33,000 mothers on income-generating activities and raised their awareness on how to enhance their capabilities, and facilitated the access of over 2,600 mothers to revolving loans.



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