Delegation of the European Union to the Council of Europe

Take this quiz to find out how much you know about the EU Delegation to the Council of Europe!

09/08/2016 - 14:53, UNIQUE ID: 160809_3
Factsheets

Why don't you take advantage of the quiet summer break in the organisations and take a moment to get to know them better? Take this little quiz to find out how much you know about us! Answers can be found at the end!

 

1) Of the following countries, which are not members of both the Council of Europe and the European Union? 

 

Malta

 

Iceland

 

Romania

 

Ukraine

 

Spain

 

Czech Republic

 

Latvia

 

Holy See

 

Japan

 

 

2) Which, of the European Union and the Council of Europe, is the older organisation?

 

The European Union is older The Council of Europe is older

 

      

3) Since when do the European Union and the Council of Europe actively work together?

 

1957                                       1986                            

          

1992                                       2007                                     2011

 

 

4) Does the European Union Delegation to the Council of Europe answer to the European Union or to the Council of Europe?

 

The European Union The Council of Europe

                                 

5) When do we celebrate Europe Day?

 

5th May                                 9th May                                

 

21st July                                                10th December 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS:

 

1) Of the following countries, which are not members of both the Council of Europe and the European Union?

 

All the 28 member states of the European Union belong to the Council of Europe. Ukraine and Iceland are not members of the European Union, but they are members of the Council of Europe. The Holy See and Japan have observer status at the Council of Europe, but they are neither members of the European Union, nor members of the Council of Europe.

Thus, the countries that do not belong to both the European Union and the Council of Europe are: Ukraine, Iceland, Holy See and Japan

Members of both organisations include: Malta, Latvia, Spain, Romania and the Czech Republic

 

You can find the full list of member states of the European Union here, and the full list of member states of the Council of Europe here.

 

 

2) Which of the European Union and the Council of Europe is the older organisation?

 

The Council of Europe and the European Union were established by the same founding fathers, namely:

 

- Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

- Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Germany

- Robert Schuman, French Republic Minister for Foreign Affairs

- Paul-Henri Spaak, Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Belgium

- Alcide de Gasperi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Italy

- Ernest Bevin, United Kingdom Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs

 

However, the Council of Europe was founded in 1949, and the European Coal and Steel Community (the forerunner of the European Union) in 1950: the Council of Europe is thus the older organisation.

 

 

3) Since when do the European Union and the Council of Europe actively work together?

 

The cooperation between the European Union and the Council of Europe is based on shared fundamental values: Human Rights, Democracy, and the Rule of Law. Working together enables both organisations to combine their means of action in order to be more efficient.

Cooperation between the two organisations was first mentioned in 1957 in Article 303 of the Treaty of Rome. However, even if some form of cooperation has always existed between the organisations, active cooperation began in 1992 with the creation of joint programmes. Joint programmes consist of a series of activities agreed between the European Commission and the Council of Europe in consultation with the governments of the countries concerned, and aimed at facilitating and supporting legal and institutional reforms.

The legal framework for the relationship is defined in the Memorandum of Understanding, concluded in 2007. The document defines the bilateral cooperation between, and underlines the need for coherence between, the two organisations.

Usually, the year 1992 is retained as the year in which bilateral cooperation truly began. You can find the full list of joint programmes that have been implemented since 1992, here.

 

 

4) Does the European Union Delegation to the Council of Europe answer to the European Union or on the Council of Europe?

 

The European Union Delegation to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg is one of the 140 delegations and offices of the European External Action Service (EEAS) operating around the world. It represents the interests of the European Union and its 28 Member States in the Council of Europe, and thus answers to the European Union. The Delegation contributes to establishing a common European position taken with the Council of Europe, and ensures the best possible coordination between the two organisations. In particular, the Head and other members of the delegation regularly participate in meetings between the ministers' deputies and rapporteur group meetings, after which the delegation produces reports to be sent to the European Union Institutions in Brussels.

Learn more about the EU Delegation by following this link!

 

 

5) When do we celebrate Europe Day?

 

Each year on the 9th of May we celebrate peace and unity in Europe. The date marks the anniversary of the Schuman declaration in 1950, during which Robert Schuman, the then French foreign minister, set out his idea for a new form of political cooperation in Europe, which was to make war between Europe’s nations unthinkable, even impossible.

However, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe decided in 1964 to celebrate Europe Day each year on the 5th of May, the anniversary of the founding of the Council of Europe.

There are thus two different Europe Days, but the most widely celebrated is the one that occurs on the 9th of May.

To celebrate Europe Day in 2016, the European Union Delegation to the Council of Europe hired a brass band to play all over Strasbourg! Check out the video of the event!

 

 

The 21st of July corresponds to the Belgian national day, which often coincides with a bank holiday in the European Union institutions. Human Rights Day takes plance on the 10th of December, a date chosen in honour of the date of adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in 1948.

 

Editorial Sections: