On 11 March 2019, the Council of Europe's Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) issued a public statement on the Russian Federation urging the Russian authorities to take decisive action to eradicate the phenomenon of torture and other forms of ill-treatment by law enforcement officials in the Chechen Republic and elsewhere in the Northern Caucasian region of the Russian Federation, including through the conduct of effective investigations whenever relevant information comes to light.
In the public statement, the CPT considers it deeply worrying that, in their responses to the CPT’s visit reports, the Russian authorities have failed to acknowledge the gravity of the situation. Despite the CPT’s sustained engagement on this issue, the Russian authorities have not complied with their obligation to demonstrate that effective investigations have been carried out into the allegations of unlawful detentions and severe ill-treatment.
The European Union notes with concern that this is the fourth time the CPT has found it necessary to have resort to its power to make a public statement concerning the Northern Caucasian region of the Russian Federation, in view of the Russian authorities’ persistent failure to improve the situation in the light of the CPT’s recommendations.
We therefore call upon the Russian authorities to take without any further delay all measures necessary to fulfil their obligations under Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights and under Article 8 (2) (d) of the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.